There are many factors and reasons why Ethiopians have a short life expectancy. Cushitic languages, however, are also used in the north of the country, namely Afar, spoken in the Afar Region and the northern half of the Djibouti Republic; Saho, in parts of Tigray; and Agaw, a group of languages in various pockets in western and northern Ethiopia. Mailing List - See more. Ethnic differences may also be observed from the great variety of languages spoken in the country, of which there are eighty-three, with 200 dialects. A lthough sometimes derided, the Millennium Development Goals adopted by the United Nations in 2000 have had a significant impact in boosting life expectancy … July 10, 2020. International: Total Fertility Rate The average number of children a woman would have assuming that current age-specific birth rates remain constant throughout her childbearing years (usually considered to be ages 15 to 49). The most important tongue in this group is Oromo. ; Inequality adjusted index: … Moreover, Amharic is also the official language of administration of all Ethiopia, and the language of much modern Ethiopian literature. Ethiopia is one of a handful of African countries that has shown life expectancy gains since 2000 despite the country having a low per capita GDP . Two other Semitic languages are spoken to the south and east of Addis Ababa: the Gurage languages, a cluster of languages used by the Gurage in an area to the south of the capital, and Adare, a tongue spoken only within the old walled city of Harar and used by the Adare people, also known as Harrari. The principal Semitic language of the north-western and centre of the country is Amharic, which is the language of of the Amhara Region. Most Christians live in the highlands, whereas Muslims mainly inhabit the lowlands. The current life expectancy for U.S. in 2020 is 78.93 years, a 0.08% increase from 2019.; The life expectancy for U.S. in 2019 was 78.87 years, a 0.08% increase from 2018.; The life expectancy for U.S. in 2018 was 78.81 years, a 0.03% decline from 2017. NOTE: All 2020 and later data are UN projections and DO NOT include any impacts of the COVID-19 virus. According to the Ethiopian Central Statistical Agency (2007 census), the national religious composition is Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Protestantism 18.6%, Roman Catholicism 0.7%, Islam 33.9%, traditional 2.6%, and others 0.6%. The most important of them in the north is Tigrinya, which is used throughout Tigray. Length of life inequality and life expectancy estimates for population groups in Ethiopia, 2000 and 2011 Mortality distribution for highest and lowest wealth quintile 2011. Estimated life expectancy for the whole population has increased , from 49.7 years in 2000 to 60.9 years in 2011. Other Cushitic languages in the area comprise Somali, which is spoken by the Somali in the Somali Region to the east, as well as in the neighboring Somali Republic and parts of Djibouti, and the Sidamo language, used in the Sidama Region. Between 1990 and 2018, Ethiopia’s life expectancy at birth increased 19.1by years, mean years of schooling increased by 1.3 years and expected According to the World Bank, it was just 62.97 years in 2012. In 2000, a person born in Ethiopia could expect to live 50 years. It is used as an internet language for federal websites along with Tigrinya.[6][7]. The Omotic group of languages, which comprise considerably fewer speakers than either the Semitic or the Cushitic languages, are spoken in the south-west of the country. According to the latest WHO data published in 2018 life expectancy in Ethiopia is: Male 63.7, female 67.3 and total life expectancy is 65.5 which gives Ethiopia a World Life Expectancy ranking of 141. Ethiopia Addis Ababa key figures • Land area, thousands of km2 1 104 • Population, thousands (2004) 72 420 • GDP per capita, $ (2002/2003) 94 • Life expectancy (2000-2005) 45.5 69.8 years (life expectancy at birth, females) Males. Life Expectancy in Ethiopia. In 2010, Ethiopia ranked 1st for age-standardized YLD rate and 5th for age-standardized death rate. Although the country is an agricultural country, the poor economy restrains the country to have the right equipment and gear to make and grow the crops. See also: Countries in the world ranked by Life Expectancy. Between 1969 and 2018, life expectancy of Ethiopia grew substantially from 42.7 to 66.2 years rising at an increasing annual rate that reached a maximum of 1.98% in 2007 and then decreased to 0.56% in 2018. [5], The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[16]. UNICEF has had a significant hand in this reduction by providing health posts and training workers to aid in hygiene, sanitation and nutrition. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your data export is now complete. This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2006 edition". 199019952000200520102015 0 20 40 60 80 100 P e r c e n t a g e DTP3 immunization among 1-year-olds Ethiopia: WHO statistical profile 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 0 50 100 U S $ (a t a v e r a g e e x c h a n g e r a t e) Per capita total expenditure on health 199019952000200520102015 0 20 40 60 80 P e r c e n t a g e If you use our chart images on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. Ethiopia Life Expectancy table by year, historic, and current data. The demographics of Ethiopia encompass the demographic features of Ethiopia's inhabitants, including ethnicity, languages, population density, education level, health, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Ethiopia including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. The average age was 25.1. Please check your download folder. It is a language of primary education in Oromia, Harar, Dire Dawa, Addis Ababa and of the Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region. ; 95% range: 95% range. Backlinks from other websites and blogs are the lifeblood of our site and are our primary source of new traffic. As the graph below shows, over the past 57 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 64.00 in 2017 and a minimum value of 36.97 in 1960. Ethiopia’s average life expectancy has improved by more than 18 years from 1990 to 2015. The Ethiopian languages of this family are derived from Ge'ez, the language of the ancient Axumite kingdom, which was also the language of the country's literature prior to the mid-nineteenth century, as well as parts of most present-day church services. 65.9 years (life expectancy at birth, males) Ethiopia, like most countries in Africa, is a multi-ethnic state. United Nations - World Population Prospects, The current life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2020 is, The life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2019 was, The life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2018 was, The life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2017 was. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Table A reviews Ethiopia’s progress in each of the HDI indicators. If you use our datasets on your site or blog, we ask that you provide attribution via a link back to this page. 95 percent range: 95% range. Today, a person born in Ethiopia can expect to live 65 years—15 additional years. White Ethiopians live in Addis Ababa, Dire Dawa, and other various locales. We see a clear socioeconomic gradient in Ethiopia , with a life expectancy ranging from 53.4 years in the lowest wealth quintile to 62.5 years in the highest quintile - an absolute In comparison, the United States grew just over one life expectancy year in that time frame, and the United Kingdom just over two years. Life expectancy at birth, total (years) - Ethiopia ( 1 ) United Nations Population Division. [10], CBR = crude birth rate (per 1,000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1,000); NC = natural change (per 1,000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1,000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman), Source: UN World Population Prospects[12], As per 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia In 2000, Ethiopia, the second-most populous country in Africa, was the third-poorest country in the world. Total Fertility rate in Ethiopia (Census 2007), Fertility and Births (Demographic and Health Surveys), School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education), CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, "Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census", "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision", "3. Ethiopia ranked 22 places from the bottom for life expectancy at birth > total population amongst Hot countries in 2011. Life expectancy at birth, male (years) The value for Life expectancy at birth, male (years) in Ethiopia was 64.00 as of 2017. Out of a population of around 80 million (2008) people, 35 million people are living in … The positive development from 2000 to 2011, with a decrease in length of life inequality and an increase in life expectancy, can be seen as a part of the positive general development in Ethiopia. Chart and table of U.S. life expectancy from 1950 to 2020. ... Life expectancy at birth, female (years) Life expectancy at birth, male (years) Life expectancy at birth, total (years) Literacy rate, adult female (% of … Between 2000 and 2017, Ethiopia’s HDI value ... Ethiopia’s life expectancy at birth increased by 18.8 years, mean years of schooling increased by 1.2 5.4years and expected years of schooling increased by years. United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. Ethiopia's Semitic languages are today spoken mainly in the north and centre of the country. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. Oromo serves as the official working language of the Oromia,[5] Harar and Dire Dawa regional states and of the Oromia Zone in the Amhara Region. Life Expectancy in Ethiopia. Life is hard for many Ethiopians, especially those in rural areas who are isolated and destitute. The current life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2020 is 66.71 years, a 0.55% increase from 2019.; The life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2019 was 66.34 years, a 0.56% increase from 2018.; The life expectancy for Ethiopia in 2018 was 65.97 years, a 0.69% increase from 2017. Without the abundance of food, water, and material goods found in North America, life expectancy is low. Chart and table of Ethiopia life expectancy from 1950 to 2020. Between 2000 and 2018, Ethiopia’s HDI value increased 65.8from 0.283 to 0.470, an increase of percent. Life expectancy incorporates mortality, and health-adjusted life expectancy further incorporates years lived in less than ideal health. ; Female: Life expectancy at birth indicates the number of years a newborn infant would live if prevailing patterns of mortality at the time of its birth were to stay the same throughout its life. Life expectancy in Ethiopia has increased from 38 in the 1960s, to 49 by 1995 and to 66 in 2018. The Cushitic languages, which are less closely related than the Semitic, are found mainly in the south of the country. Nilo-Saharan-speaking Nilotic ethnic minorities also inhabit the southern regions of the country, particularly in areas bordering South Sudan. They include, from north to south, Gumuz and Berta in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region, and Anuak in Gambela Region. Although the original physical differences between the major ethnic groups have been blurred by centuries, if not millennia, of intermarriage, there remain many who are distinct and unique. This initiated interest to study the gain in life expectancy with respect to age structure and cause of death. Total length of life inequality in Ethiopia … Length of life inequality within wealth quintiles is about three times larger than the between-group inequality of 9 years. Lost healthy life expectancy. Data refer to the 12 months preceding the census in May. Most people in Ethiopia speak Afroasiatic languages, mainly of the Semitic or Cushitic branches. These can be broken into four main groups: Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan. They have been given that name because they are spoken in the general area of the Omo River. Ethiopia is one of the world’s oldest countries, its territorial extent having varied over the millennia of its existence. This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 23:23. Ethiopia’s GNI per capita increased by about 165.3 percent between 1990 and 2017. Live births, deaths, and infant deaths, latest available year (2002 - 2016)", "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations", "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys", "Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011", Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples' Region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Ethiopia&oldid=993503496, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles needing additional references from March 2020, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the World Factbook, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Length of life inequality has decreased and life expectancy has increased for all population groups between 2000 and 2011. Life expectancy in Years Period Life expectancy in Years 1950–1955 34.1 1985–1990 46.2 1955–1960 36.7 1990–1995 48.1 1960–1965 40.1 1995–2000 50.7 1965–1970 42.1 2000–2005 53.6 1970–1975 43.5 2005–2010 59.1 1975–1980 44.3 2010–2015 63.7 1980–1985 43.5 67.8 years (life expectancy at birth, both sexes combined) Females. Table 1: Ethiopia's Health Status trend from 1980 to 2015 ; Health Indicator 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2015 U5MR 329 275 243 240 203 144 61.3 IMR-162 143 143 122 89.5 41.4 Life Expectancy (Yr) 33.8 39 43.7 44.6 46.6 51/1 65.2 It is used in a wide stretch of the country, including Oromia, Dire Dawa, Harari Region, Oromia Zone and Addis Ababa and the surrounding Special Zone. The Nilo-Saharan languages are spoken in a wide arc of the country towards the Sudan and South-Sudan frontier. Globally, average female life expectancy is 74 years, four years more than for males. The country's population is highly diverse, comprising over 80 different ethnic groups. Chart and table of Ethiopia life expectancy from 1950 to 2020. Current Ethiopia Life Expectancy is 65.47. Efforts like the Health Sector Development Program [ 18 ] and the introduction of the health extension workers have led to important health improvements. Ethiopia Addis Ababa key figures • Land area, thousands of km2 1 104 • Population, thousands (2001) 64 459 • GDP per capita, $ (2001) 97 • Life expectancy (2000-2005) 43.3 • Illiteracy rate (2001) 60.4 Both Sexes. We have provided a few examples below that you can copy and paste to your site: Your image export is now complete. Adherents of traditional faiths are primarily concentrated in the southern regions. The Semitic languages of Ethiopia are related to both Hebrew and Arabic. [10], Below are the UN's medium variant projections:[10], Registration of vital events in Ethiopia is incomplete. Factoid #41 On the probability of not reaching 40 … Ethiopia is located in East Africa and is historically a rich country. In 2018, life expectancy for Ethiopia was 66.2 years. PopulationPyramid.net Population Pyramids of the World from 1950 to 2100. Among these are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans, who together constitute around three-quarters of the population. Various religions are adhered to in Ethiopia. See the Life Expectancy for Ethiopia. Average Life Expectancy of Ethiopia in 2010 was 61.625, in 2020 its 67.012 and by 2050 it will be 74.607.As mentioned in Highlight's Ethiopia population is increasing, population density is increasing, average life expectancy is increasing and average fertility rate is decreasing. White people are born of Italian, Greek, African American, Swedish, Jamaican and Armenian descent. This is an important and highly impressing development. Ethiopia poverty rate for 2010 was 93.10%, a 2.5% decline from 2004. The life expectancy of the average Ethiopian was 59 years old in 2011. Please check your download folder. [8], Source: Central Statistical Agency (CSA)[9], According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2], the total population was 109,224,414 in 2018, compared to 18,434,000 in 1950. [13], Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[14], Fertility data as of 2011 (DHS Program):[15], Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. Among these are the Mursi and Anuak. The Population Department of the United Nations prepared the following estimates: United Nations projections are also included through the year 2100. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 41.5%, 55.8% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older. In 2018 Ethiopia punched above its economic weight by 3.03 years. Nutrition The lack of Nutrition that is available in Ethiopia is very significant. 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