Again she protests. Marie Antoinette taken to her execution in 1793 by an unknown artist | Courtesy of Etsy Two and a half months before her execution, at two in the morning, the Queen along with her daughter and sister-in-law were suddenly awakened and informed that the Queen was to … Fifteen minutes later, the Queen arrived in front of the grim towers of the Conciergerie, where she was registered under the name of “The Widow Capet” and became its 280th prisoner.5 She was led by the jailers to her new quarters. She steps off the cart promptly, lightly. Her only furniture consisted of a camp bed, two straw seat chairs, a convenience chair, and a bidet. It is surprising to me how they used her as a scapegoat to blame all the problems on her since she was apart of the royal family. I have also read one of the first biographies written dating back to 1896 written by the son ( I believe of the son of someone who knew her) Her marriage to Louis XVI had been strategic (as were most royal weddings during this era). Another nickname, “The Widow Capet”, was given to Marie Antoinette on the death of her husband. At the time she was queen, the French people were becoming increasingly discontent with the bankrupt government. Then enters Henri Sanson, the executioner, who ties her hands behind her back. This 16th of Oct. at 4:30 in the morning Marie Antoinette loved to ride horses when she arrived at the Palace of Versailles, but it was deemed too dangerous for the soon to be Queen of France. You may trust that scoundrel to bring up something lewd at every opportunity. The executioner and his helper, their hats in hand in sign of respect, also climb onto the cart. Madame Élisabeth. She really tried, she did more than Louis to work with the moderates. 6 livres for the coffin. Louis is executed on the 21st of January 1793. She worked in secret with Barnave and two others ( a triumvirate) who were working on the Constitution and then she worked with Louis to help him accept the new Constitution. Soon arrive the Court clerk and the judges, who read her the sentence, as required by law. Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793, and Marie Antoinette was executed on … 11:00 AM: She leaves La Conciergerie and reaches the Cour du Mai, in front of the Courthouse. 12:15 PM: The blade of the guillotine falls. She was at the forefront of a change in royal styles which would be widely adopted after her death, but she was in many ways too early. She shows a strong emotion, but soon regains her composure. Aug 12, 2019 - The execution of Marie-Antoinette. On … Louis was granted a final visit from Marie Antoinette and his children on the evening of January … However, the gendarme on duty noticed her actions, took the incriminating evidence, and gave it to his immediate superiors. It’s sad that most people prefer to believe the same narrative over and over. Someone should do a movie on that and give her credit where credit is due. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. She was extremely intelligent and wanted to do everything she could to help the people and bring peace. The execution, like that of her husband, took place at the Place de la Révolution, recently renamed from Place de Louis XV (currently Place de la Concorde). That gave her an opportunity to feign outrage and appeal to the public. In her case, it was common knowledge that Capet [Louis XVI] had fallen entirely under her influence, that he was a hapless imbecile without any will of his own... Of course, that jackass Hébert [representative of the Municipality of Paris] had to disgrace himself by testifying that she had taught her son to pleasure himself. The Telescope portrait. Henri Sanson was appointed Executioner of Paris from April 1793, and would later execute Marie Antoinette. Born: 2 November 1755 Birthplace: Vienna, Austria Died: 16 October 1793 (beheading) Best Known As: Queen of France, 1775-93 Name at birth: Maria Antonia Exécution de Marie Antoinette Marie Antoinette with her two eldest children, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte and the Dauphin Louis Joseph, in the gardens of the by , 1785 On 27 March 1785, Marie Antoinette gave birth to a second son, , who bore the title of. Family: Marie was the 15th child of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, and Empress Maria Theresa. children; farewell, farewell! [2] The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature, Science, and Art, Volume 30, 1853, p. 439. : The Story of Larry Nassar and his 499 Victims, America's Finest Hour - The Berlin Candy Bomber, Drugs, Alcohol, and Arrests: The Downside to Robert Downey Jr.'s Acting Career, "You have the right to an attorney..." or Not, Tyson McGuffin: US Open Pickleball Champion, The Complicated Process of Seeking Asylum in the United States, Bad Boys vs. Archangels - Adapting and Overcoming the 'Jordan Rules', Raping and Killing: "Casualties of War" in Vietnam, The People vs. Angela Davis: The Black Intellect on Trial, Whatalife: Harmon Dobson, the Founder of Whataburger, Mike Nguyen: The Struggle Of a Restaurant Owner During COVID-19, BEYONCÉ: The Early Days of the Worldwide Legend, Mirror Mirror on the Wall Who’s the Fairest? Hello! She has been bleeding profusely (she is apparently suffering from a uterine fibroma, or possibly some more serious condition) and wishes to change her shirt. The Execution of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France Above: Marie Antoinette, 1783. In January 1793, King Louis XVI was sentenced to death for conspiring against the state. The Republic gave her lawyers less than a day to prepare a defense. Marie Antoinette’s husband, King Louis XVI, was executed by guillotine on 21st January 1793 after being charged with undermining the First French Republic. She was gruesomely decapitated using a guillotine. The entire trial started from October 15, 1793 at eight in the morning and ended on October 16 at four-thirty in the morning.8, On October 16, 1793, at four-thirty in the morning, Marie Antoinette was declared guilty of the three main charges of having secret agreements with foreign powers, of shipping money aboard to Austria, and of conspiring with these powers against the security of French. 15 livres, 35 sols for the grave and the gravedigger.” These words described the funeral of the last Queen of France.13 With the restoration of the monarchy, on January 18, 1815, the remains of the royal bodies were exhumed with the help of Pierre Louis Desclozeaux, an old lawyer who lived at 48 rue d’Anjou. She was involved in terrible accusations and went through humiliation. I had never heard about Marie Antoinette so I was surprised to find out that she was executed. She puts on her only other remaining garment: a white cotton dress, with a black petticoat, and a white cap adorned with black ribbon. Her main line of defense was that she was not responsible for any of her actions! It surprised me to read that she remained poise and kept her image through it all. In 1765, Louis, dauphin de France (also known as Louis Ferdinand), the son of French monarch Louis XV, died. Louis XVI, who belonged to the Royal House of Bourbon, became King of France in 1774 when his grandfather Louis XV died. Marie-Antoinette, in full Marie-Antoinette-Josèphe-Jeanne d’Autriche-Lorraine (Austria-Lorraine), originally German Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von Österreich-Lothringen, (born November 2, 1755, Vienna, Austria—died October 16, 1793, Paris, France), Austrian queen consort of King Louis XVI of France (1774–93). She rises. 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On this day in history, 16 October 1793, the thirty-eight year old Marie Antoinette, former Archduchess of Austria and more famously queen of France as consort of Louis XVI, was executed during the bloody and brutal French Revolution then ravaging the country. The plot failed, but before the Republic could send the guards to capture him, Rougeville managed to escape.7, In the former Grand Hambre of the Palais de Justice, the Queen of France appeared before the Revolutionary Tribunal dressed in black and wore a widow’s bonnet in white lawn and trimmed with black mourning crepe. Rosalie also cuts Marie-Antoinette’s hair short on the neck. She was only 37 years old, but her hair had already turned white, and her skin was just as pale. The bodies were then briefly held at the house in the rue d’Anjou. Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI. The Marchioness of Pompadour In the first place since Louis XV and la Marquise de Pompadour France and Austria had been steady Allies. We had a beautiful dream, and that was all. Read “ The Making of a French Queen “. This is a very long by Revolutionary Tribunal standards. Marie Antoinette became the focus for the nation’s hatred, fuelled not least by their vehement dislike of all things Austrian. On 16th October 1793, Marie Antoinette was found in her cell at the Conciergerie in Paris dressed in her mourning dress, laying down on her bed in floods of tears. As stated by Chauveau-Lagarde, Marie Antoinette showed true courage and was void of any negative emotion.9 Once returned to her cell, the Queen wrote a farewell letter to Madame Elisabeth, her sister-in-law. Having relieved herself, she meekly held out her hands to have them bound again.10. I have him relate the trial (it was eerie to write, because I had always thought of it from Marie-Antoinette’s standpoint.). The Telescope portrait. Together the couple had 16 children, 10 of whom lived into adulthood. Her trial was particularly grim. One of her attorneys, Chauveau-Lagarde, notes that “she was like annihilated by surprise.” She silently shakes her head when the presiding judge asks her whether she has anything to add. Marie-Antoinette sits very straight in the cart, proud and calm in the face of this display of hate, contempt and anger. Louis XVI had been taken to the guillotine in the enclosed carriage of the Mayor of Paris, but again she will be treated like any other convict. Madame Élisabeth. Today in History: Marie Antoinette beheaded (10/16/1793) Answers.Com ^ Posted on 10/16/2006 11:24:52 AM PDT by yankeedame. The accused states her name: “Marie-Antoinette de Lorraine d’Autriche.” In itself this is a very bold move: she reminds the jurors of her French paternal ancestry (Lorraine) but also, less diplomatically, of the phrase The Austrian Woman. Then, the following August, Marie-Antoinette is transferred, alone, without her children or sister-in-law Madame Elisabeth, to the jail of La Conciergerie. It was also Marie who initially arranged for her, Louis and the children to flee France, but … I appreciate the author’s addition of her second burial, for it symbolized a happy ending for the noble Queen. The Hapsburgs were doing well in Europe and her mum was pretty good at the whole leading a country thing. Marie Antoinette refused to respond to any charges. So dies Marie-Antoinette, two weeks before her 38th birthday. Marie Antoinette On October 16, 1793, Maria Antoinette, the former Queen of France was finally executed for treason. Louis XVI’s hands were not tied until he reached the foot of the guillotine, but the deposed Queen will receive far less consideration than her late husband. She feels very faint now. 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