Dunn, Gordon and Banner Miller. [18] However, some areas did not receive advance warning, due to power outages preventing people from receiving Weather Bureau warnings ahead of the storm. A man looked at what was left of his home and car after Hurricane Carol hit Swift Beach in Wareham on Sept. 5, 1954. [12] Damage in the state was estimated at $250,000. On August 27, Carol intensified to reach winds of 105 mph (165 km/h), but weakened as its motion turned to a northwest drift. The 1953 Atlantic hurricane season was the first time an organized list of female names was used to name Atlantic storms. [26] Carol lost this distinction 10 days later when Hurricane Edna caused $15 million in damage in the state. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Carol&oldid=990730767, 1954 natural disasters in the United States, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Carol was the first Atlantic hurricane name in history to be retired. He remembered many trees down and power and phone wires dangling in the wind. The well-organized hurricane accelerated north-northeastward and made landfall on eastern Long Island, New York, and then over eastern Connecticut on August 31 with sustained winds estimated at 110-mph and a barometric pressure near 956 mb. [9] Damage in the state totaled to around $228,000. It hit North Carolina on August 13, 1955 as a Category 2 hurricane. National Guardsmen flew a planeload of dry ice to Boston for people who lost power and had no refrigeration. The Small Business Administration declared six counties in Maine as disaster areas. Moving on a more northwest course, the hurricane. [13] Winds on the island gusted to 125 mph (200 km/h),[14] leaving thousands of homes without power. Storms in the 1910s. The storm washed away 200 homes in Westerly, R.I. Carol later transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over New Hampshire, on August 31, 1954. The storm took out power for days, Gov. Christian Herter called up guardsmen in six Massachusetts towns to prevent looting. See more ideas about hurricane, new england, storm. The 1954 Atlantic hurricane season was an above-average Atlantic hurricane season in terms of named storms, with 16 forming, but a well below average season in terms of Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) totals, with only 54. Eight Mainers lost their lives in the storm due to drowning. It has been almost eight years since a major hurricane struck the US, the longest such period since the Civil War. [18] About 12 days after Carol struck New England, Hurricane Edna struck eastern Massachusetts, causing an additional $40 million in damage and 20 deaths. The storm battered Florida and the Gulf Coast and was the first in the Atlantic basin to cause more than $1 billion in damage. On August 31, 1954, Hurricane Carol left a path of destruction. It also caused more than $10 Million in damages across the state, becoming the most costly natural disaster in the Maine’s history. The hurricane caused flooding throughout the state and completely washed away roads and rail lines. From this point, Edna followed a path just east of Carol's. While moving west of Maine, the hurricane dropped heavy rainfall, including a report of 2.15 inches (63 mm) in 12 hours. Hurricanes Connie and Diane (1955) [9], On eastern Long Island near where Carol made landfall, a pressure of 960 mbar (28 inHg) was recorded. Digital Equipment Corp. then occupied the Assabet Mills in Maynard, Mass. He and three friends had climbed a tree to see the storm better. It remained at Category 3 status for three days until cooler air behind Hurricane Connie, a Category 1 hurricane that struck the Outer Banks of North Carolina on … Governor of Rhode Island Dennis J. Roberts declared martial law for the state after Carol caused heavy damage. Rainfall of 2 to 5 inches spread across the region, and … [25] It also crushed three cars parked on Bussey St.[25], Carol maintained its intensity as it moved inland,[26] and its winds were strong enough to knock down trees and power lines in New Hampshire. [10] Damage was minor from Virginia to Delaware, where light rains fell. [28] Two people were killed, one of whom due to drowning on a sunken barge in Quebec City. The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. Gov. It was the most destructive hurricane to hit the northeast coast … [12] Along the coast, high waves damaged boardwalks and caused flooding. [2] It moved to the north-northwest and intensified into a tropical storm early on August 26. [4] The next day, Carol strengthened to attain hurricane status while located about 345 miles (545 km) east of Cape Canaveral, Florida. Subject: B3) What storm names have been retired? [3] Receiving the name Carol, the storm gradually turned to the north, and strengthened under generally favorable conditions. 1955 - The first "billion-dollar hurricane," Diane followed a lesser storm, Connie. [3] After quickly crossing Long Island Sound, the hurricane made landfall again near Groton, Connecticut,. On August 31, Carol sped up and slammed into Old Saybrook, Conn. Tosemary Carpichio, then 10, remembered it well. Copyright © 2014 - 2020 New England Historical Society, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. comeback 10 years later, only to be retired again, Richard Potter, Celebrity Black Magician of the 19th Century, A Lynching in Maine: What Happened to James Cullen, Alexander Hamilton Bids Farewell to Connecticut and Its Ragged Money, Just One Kind of Murder in the 1850 Parkman-Webster Case. Workers quickly removed trees from highways. The company’s employees filled several thousand sandbags to protect the buildings that housed production equipment. [15] The winds downed many trees,[15] and left heavy crop damage to various fruits. [6] Carol quickly lost tropical characteristics while crossing into inland eastern Massachusetts, and became extratropical over southwestern New Hampshire, late on August 31. Storm surge flooded LaGuardia Airport and inundated the Montauk Highway, which left the eastern portion of Long Island isolated. Photo courtesy Boston Public Library, Leslie Jones Collection. Her family cottage on Cornfield Point stood only three houses from the beach. Feb 11, 2016 - One of the worst hurricanes that primarily affected New England, Hurricane Carol rampaged through North Carolina and New York. The hurricane killed three people in Maine, and injured many more. Carolina Coast", Tropical cyclones affecting North Carolina since 1586: An Historical Perspective, "Damage is High with Big Death Toll in Storm", "Hurricane Irene Threatens New York: The Six Worst Hurricanes to Hit the Region", "Storm Death Toll 49, Damage in Millinos", The Deadliest, Costliest, and Most Intense United States Tropical Cyclones from 1851 to 2004 (and Other Frequently Asked Hurricane Facts), "Rash of Hurricanes May Bring Insurance rate Hike", "Third Steeple Going Up on Boston Church", "Hurricane Fighters Seek Achilles' Heel in Storm". The hurricane killed three people in Maine, and injured many more. Hurricane Carol destroyed thousands of automobiles like this one. “There were triple deckers facing ours, ” she recalled, “and one of two pine trees fell and sheared off our neighbors’ three back porches. [9], The hurricane produced a record-high wind gust of 135 mph (215 km/h) at Block Island, while on mainland Rhode Island, sustained winds peaked at 90 mph (145 km/h) in Warwick with gusts to 105 mph (165 km/h). Hurricane Carol was so awful, that the name is no longer used for hurricanes – it has been removed from the list completely. The powerful extratropical storm continued northward, before losing its identity after entering Canada, over southern Quebec. “We could see and hear the funnel go right up Buzzards Bay,” remembered a cottager, 10 at the time. PHOTOS AND HISTORIC PAGES: Hurricane Diane hits the Lehigh Valley in 1955 Aug 18, 2015 at 11:46 AM Images and pages from The Morning Call… A man looked at what was left of his home and car after Hurricane Carol hit Swift Beach in Wareham on Sept. 5, 1954. Fifty people crowded into a two-story cottage, and their sheer weight held the house on its foundation. The reanalysis by Chris Landsea and the work by Jarvinen shows a landfall of Carol near Groton. [19] The winds downed two broadcasting towers in the city. Donations from children across America rebuilt it the next year. [18] Damage to the apple crop amounted to $1.7 million. In New England, Hurricane Carol killed 65 people and injured a thousand. [34] The president ordered for troops to assist in the aftermath. [37], Due to the high damage, the name Carol was removed from the naming list for 10 years. Hurricane Hazel was the deadliest and costliest hurricane of the 1954 hurricane season (Figure 1) and is the strongest and only Category 4 hurricane to ever hit the North Carolina coast. One tree fell onto a car, killing a person, and there were three deaths overall in the state,[12] along with $3 million in damage. With … [12], Before Carol affected the area, 20,000 people evacuated from Cape Cod. [nb 1] While paralleling the Mid-Atlantic and Southeastern United States, the storm produced strong winds and rough seas that caused minor coastal flooding and slight damage to houses in North Carolina, Virginia, Washington, D.C., Delaware, and New Jersey. [15] Near the coast, strong storm surges were reported,[13] and a 20 feet (6.1 m) storm tide was reported at New Bedford, setting a record. [2] More disaster aid was provided after the second hurricane. [12] About 1,000 houses were damaged on the island,[15] and 275,000 people lost power. The worst hurricanes to hit Massachusetts from 1900-2000, in reverse date order, are: Hurricane Bob in 1991; "the twins" from 1954, Hurricanes Carol and Edna; and last but not least, the Great New England Hurricane of 1938. North Carolina’s Hurricane History. [13] Overall crop damage was estimated at $22.25 million. The storm caused an additional $1 million in damage in Canada as well as two deaths. Dennis Roberts declared martial law in Rhode Island and called up the National Guard. Carol ruined apple crops, and decimated hundreds of acres of corn crops in North Livermore. Spoiled food due to lack of refrigeration resulted in ab… [18] There was also heavy damage in Newport,[12] where the Newport Casino was damaged. Just days later on September 11, Hurricane Edna made landfall in Maine and went on to cause another 2 deaths and $40 million in damage, earning its own spot on the retired name list. The hurricane then moved northeast, flooding the mid-Atlantic coast. United Press -- August 30, 1954 ... 1955. [18] National Guardsmen flew a plane of dry ice from Newark, New Jersey to Boston to assist the widespread areas without power and refrigeration. [33] Governor of Maine Burton M. Cross declared a state of emergency for the state. Then, a year later on August 13, 1955, Hurricane Connie swept through the state and left a mess followed five days later by some real devastation from Hurricane Diane. My Dad ran out and yelled, ‘Is everyone OK?’, and thank goodness everyone was fine.” She said she’d always remember the smell of the pines and the fresh smell of the air after the hurricane. The next day, Carol morphed into an extratropical cyclone over northern New England. [4] After maintaining peak intensity for 30 hours and moving a distance of about 75 miles (120 km), Carol weakened slightly off the coast of Georgia. [23] Overall damage in the state was estimated at $50 million. [9] There was also a death in neighboring Vermont. [2][3], Before affecting North Carolina, the threat of Carol prompted a hurricane warning from Wilmington to Manteo. [2] The winds resulted in agricultural damage to the corn and soy bean crop. Hurricane Hazel . The category 3 hurricane made landfall near Groton and brought devastating flooding and wind damage to parts of southeastern Connecticut and Rhode Island (from South County to Providence). Hurricane Carol killed 60 people in August 1954. There were 65 deaths and 1,000 injuries in New England. [19], Hurricane Carol struck Connecticut shortly after high tide, and its combination with 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.5 m) storm surges from New London eastward produced widespread tidal flooding. Damaged factories in Rhode Island prevented employees from working for three weeks after the storm. Downed power lines left several counties without power or telephone services. [9] Despite the high damage, advance warning allowed for many fewer deaths than the total of 488 fatalities during the 1938 New England hurricane, which affected the same area with similar strength. The hurricane produced 4 inches (100 mm) of rain in Norfolk. Strong, sustained winds swept through Rhode Island and the eastern parts of Massachusetts and Connecticut, killing dozens and destroying buildings, automobiles, boats and crops. In Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, wind gusts peaked at 47 mph (75 km/h). Rod Sherman was at a family reunion in Little Compton, R.I. You may also want to read about the Great New England storm of 1938 here. Franklin: Via Appia Press (www.viaappiapress.com), 2014. The winds destroyed much of the corn crop, about half of the peach crop, and about 1.5 million bushels of apples. The Edgewood Yacht Club survived the storm surge. [8] High winds caused minor damage to roofs and houses,[8] and also downed some trees and power lines. [2] Widespread power outages were reported in New Brunswick and Quebec, and downed trees struck three cars in Saint John, New Brunswick. The hurricane caused flooding throughout the state and completely washed away roads and rail lines. "Twisted Sisters: How Four Superstorms Forever Changed the Northeast in 1954 & 1955." In Boston, Hurricane Carol tore off the spire of the Old North Church. In this rare video footage, we can see exactly what Carol and Edna did to the people of Maine. into a hurricane on September 2nd east of the Leeward Islands. Dunn, Gordon and Banner Miller. Storm warnings were issued southward to Charleston. Her family cottage on Cornfield … [3] By that time, it was a small hurricane, and the radius of maximum winds was smaller than normal for its latitude and central pressure. Hurricane Carol (1954) Storm Track & Details. [12] Due to the compact nature of the storm, areas west of Fire Island were largely unaffected by the hurricane. 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