Hurricane Audrey 1957 Audrey was first detected over the southwestern Gulf of Mexico on June 24. Audrey was the first major hurricane to form in the gulf of Mexico since 1945. [53] Statues were erected in honor of those killed by Audrey in southwestern Louisiana, including Highland Memorial Park in Lake Charles where 33 were buried. Hurricane Andrew was a Category 5 Atlantic hurricane that struck the Bahamas and Florida in August 1992. An additional 192 people were reported as missing. Hunter. Courtesy of Wikimedia Commons. In the photo above, Hurricane Audrey refugees gather in Cameron in 1957. [38] Two oil barges spanning 105 ft (32 m) were moved 2.5 mi (4.0 km) inland north of Gilchrist, Texas. [12][57][58] In total, damage from Hurricane Audrey in Louisiana amounted to $120 million. Hurricane Audrey left 416 people dead in Louisiana and Texas in June 1957. [13] A $2 million oil rig 15 mi (24 km) east of Sabine Pass capsized, though all crew survived. The winds raised the water level in the lake 3 ft (0.91 m) above normal, damaging small boats. [6][8] The following day, Audrey entered a second phase of intensification as it accelerated towards the United States Gulf Coast, reaching the equivalent of a modern-day Category 2 hurricane on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale at 00:00 UTC on June 27 (7:00 p.m. CST June 26) and Category 3 status just six hours later. [11] Although warnings were issued 24 hours before landfall, the acceleration of Audrey as it neared land surprised meteorologists and residents. The name Audrey was later retired from usage as an identifier for an Atlantic hurricane. [15] An estimated 50,000 people in total evacuated from Port Arthur, Texas, while all except two families evacuated Sabine Pass;[16] about 2,000 people evacuated from Orange, Texas, with another 1,000 evacuating from Beaumont, Texas. Because it was on the weaker, western side of the hurricane, there was only moderate damage in eastern Texas. [34], In Galveston, the storm surge swelled to a height of 6.2 ft (1.9 m) above mean sea level; the total expanse of coast that saw tides higher than 6 ft (1.8 m) spanned 330 mi (530 km). Beyond the roughly 400 confirmed deaths, many more remained missing and were presumed to be dead. It moved slowly northward as it became a tropical storm and a hurricane the next day. It has been 15 years since a Category 3 or stronger hurricane made landfall in Louisiana. [49], Scattered damage occurred in Alexandria, with strong winds knocking out telecommunications and downing tree limbs. [23], The high death toll caused by Audrey was partially blamed on the incompleteness of evacuations before the storm made landfall, attributed by meteorologist Robert Simpson to a lack of proper communication between coastal residents and forecasters. [14] Offshore oil rigs were secured, with hundreds of personnel evacuated by helicopter on June 26, including those operated by Kerr-McGee, Gulf Oil, and Humble Oil. [73] Another three drowned in Indiana, in addition to the inundation of over 1,000 homes and 125 businesses. Despite the brief period of submersion, the morphology of the coast changed significantly; about 50% of the coast had retreated inland, with a large amount of sedimentation occurring primarily in the form of mudflats. Rita dealt a … [50] The highest rainfall associated with Audrey fell in Louisiana, where 10.63 in (270 mm) were recorded just west of Basille; most of the heaviest rainfall occurred east of Audrey's center of circulation. The hurricane’s forward motion then increased to 25 km/h (15 mph). [8], The fishing vessel Keturah sank after colliding with an oil rig 11 mi (18 km) off of Galveston, Texas, leading to the loss of nine crewmen. In Quebec, ten people were killed in the Montreal area, making Audrey the deadliest hurricane to strike the Canadian province in recorded history. [68] The fringe effects of Audrey's remnant wind field and rainfall also extended to Georgia, where wind damage was light but widespread. [28][29] Audrey was the deadliest hurricane to strike the United States since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane, which killed approximately 2,500,[27] and comparable to all storms affecting the country in the previous decade combined. Hurricane dates. [39], Portions of eastern Texas were analyzed to have experienced high-end Category 2 conditions as Audrey made landfall just east of the state. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. [40] Plate glass windows in downtown Galveston were broken by flying debris, as were high-rise windows in Port Arthur. [77] One arc of mud deposited on the coast measured 11,350 ft (3,460 m) in length and 1,000 ft (300 m) in width. [54] Across Tennessee, property or crop damage associated with strong winds was reported in eleven counties, with property damage mostly being inflicted on roofs, trees, power lines, TV antennas, and other minor structures; one death and three injuries were linked to these winds. In an analysis of weather patterns from June 1957, Weather Bureau meteorologist William H. Klein noted the potential for research on similar disturbances to shed light on tropical cyclone development. The last observation near the storm's center occurred approximately five hours before landfall by the tanker Tillamook, documenting a pressure of 969 mbar (hPa; 27.94 inHg) at the western edge of the storm's eyewall. [3] Six hours later, the remnants of Audrey were absorbed by this second extratropical cyclone over the Great Lakes. [82] Whitney's claim was two-pronged, with the first point alleging that the Weather Bureau was negligent in their warnings, and the second alleging that despite experiencing the full brunt of the storm, Weather Bureau advisories advising the evacuation of those at lower elevations did not implicate him; Whitney sought $360,000 in damages from the federal government. The American Red Cross opened fifteen shelters in Port Arthur which eventually housed 5,000. In fact, between 60 – 80 percent of all the homes and businesses within a 35 km (22 mi) stretch from Cameron to Grand Chenier were fully destroyed or badly damaged. [78] In Rockefeller Wildlife Refuge, saltwater inundation of habitats led to a significant decrease in waterfowl and plants susceptible to saltwater like bullwhips; damage in the refuge set back management and development plans for the area by two years. [55] The rains in Paris, Illinois, contributed to the rainiest June in the city's history and a yearly record rainfall total. When did hurricane Hazel happen?, When did hurricane Audrey happen, What hurricane happened in 1988?, When did hurricane Katrina hit? [76], Audrey's storm surge on the Louisiana coastline began receding 10 hours after the storm struck, with the ocean returning to normal levels in around 1.5 days. [6], On June 25, the first reconnaissance aircraft to probe Audrey,[4] a P-2 Neptune,[7] reached the system to assess its strength,[4] concluding that Audrey had reached hurricane intensity by 18:00 UTC that day (1:00 p.m. CST), capping off an initial phase of rapid intensification about 380 mi (610 km) southeast of Brownsville, Texas. [44] Galveston Island fared comparatively better than the Bolivar Peninsula but nonetheless sustained some impacts. Aug 29, 2018 - Explore Pam Dalgo's board "Hurricane History" on Pinterest. 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