33 Knightsbridge Road, Piscataway, NJ 088543 Invention Summary: Venus® is a distinct variety of dogwood tree that it is the result of crossing two varieties (Cornus kousa x Cornus nuttallii hybrid and Cornus kousa). The most recent new dogwood varieties released by Dr. Orton include "Hyperion"®, an advanced generation hybrid distinguished by extreme vigor, rapid growth, and attractive flowers; and "Red Pygmy"®, and a rare dwarf red dogwood tree, ideal for the small garden. Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey The Stellar series blooms slightly later and lacks fruit. Dr. Tom Molnar standing by a Rutgers Venus® dogwood tree. These trees are the focus of a big-bracted dogwood breeding program at Rutgers University, which started in the 1960s under the helm of Dr. Elwin Orton. The flowers are large and white against its green foliage. The Rutgers Hybrid Dogwood: Naming and Genetic Diversity Analysis By ROBERT MATTERA III Thesis Director: Thomas Molnar, Ph.D. Big-bracted dogwoods (Cornus spp.) Qualities for Stellar Pink® include: Plants of Stellar Pink® are known to be very vigorous growers ; This variety is erect in growth habit and is more uniformly full in width than are trees of Kousa dogwood Asexual reproduction of Rutgers patented hybrid dogwoods and use of trademark names without a license agreement from Rutgers University is strictly prohibited. Genus name comes from the Latin word cornu meaning horn in probable reference to the strength and density of the wood.Cornus is also the Latin name for cornelian cherry. Veins grow toward tip of leaf without running to the edge. The following commercial growers are licensed to sell specific cultivars. Qualities for Hyperion® include: Produces profuse, very attractive white flowers (bracts) You will be pleasantly surprised how the … 2018 availability. They have an interesting story that centers around Dr. Elwin Orton. Rutgers’ New Pink Dogwood Adds Breakthrough Color to the Landscape (Rutgers Today, 2017) ... yet nameless: Hybrid flowering dogwoods named by Rutgers scientists ... or flowering, dogwoods are beloved trees with cloud-like branches blossoming in early spring in white, sometimes red or pink. Flowers bloom in spring. However, all trees need to be planted correctly to aid in establishment and provide the growing conditions necessary for producing a healthy root system. Your Rutgers hybrid dogwood, once established, will produce a sturdy disease resistant tree to be admired. Rutgers University's Dr. Elwin Orton has spent over 40 years breeding plants for improved qualities, first with hollies, then with dogwoods. This outstanding hybrid, from the Jersey Star Star® Series, was selected by Dr. Elwin Orton at Rutgers University, the result of a cross between the Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) and Korean Dogwood (Cornus kousa). Scarlet Fire® dogwood is a deep pink-to-fuchsia bracted dogwood tree, known for its deep, consistently pink bracts that contrast beautifully with its dark green foliage. {{gwi:328804}} Here is a link that might be useful: Aurora. The foliage will fade to reddish purple colors during the fall and lose its leaves by winter. Webmaster: webmaster@oc.rutgers.edu. It is a small deciduous tree with a dense, upright habit. The true dogwood flowers are actually tiny, … Stellar Pink® has gained a solid reputation with nurseries and landscapers as the most asked for pink dogwood available today.. Rutgers hybrid dogwoods. During the 1970’s, Rutgers University bred Cornus florida, our native species, with Cornus kousa, an Asian species, resulting in the successful introduction of several vigorous, insect—and disease—resistant hybrid varieties, known as the “Stellar” series of dogwoods. The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. It has the same great resistance to anthracnose of the Kousas, and it’s also very resistant to powdery mildew. Licensee … RUTGERS HYBRIDS. ‘Aurora,’ ‘Celestial,’ ‘Constellation’ and ‘Stellar Pink’ are the most popular varieties of this series. It has a uniform width from top to bottom, typically maturing to 15-20 tall and as wide. Lore: Native Americans used the bloom time of the dogwoods to signal time to plant corn. NOTE: Asexual reproduction of Rutgers patented hybrid dogwoods and use of trademark names without a license agreement from Rutgers University is strictly prohibited. The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. With the availability of the "Stellar Series"® dogwood, nurseries immediately embraced Dr. Orton"s new varieties which provided commercial dogwood nurseries unique varieties that were greatly improved compared to the native American dogwood. East meets West in this healthy, robust Rutgers Hybrid Dogwood tree that’s easy for even novice gardeners to grow. Others will be grown on to larger trees for container and ball and burlap sale and use by the landscape industry in later years. Showy red strawberry like fruit appear in fall. Fast growing evergreen dogwood native to the Himalayas. Rutgers Licensing and Technology: Agricultural Products, New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Executive Dean of Agriculture and Natural Resources, School of Environmental and Biological Sciences, Hamilton awarded $10,000 Sustainable Communities Grant for resiliency, Look Before Jumping into a New Vegetable Crop. Breeding efforts by Dr. Elwin Orton of Rutgers University resulted in the Rutgers Stellar Series dogwoods considered highly resistant to dogwood borer and moderately to highly resistant to dogwood anthracnose. It is noted for its vigorous habit, large-bracted flowers, profuse bloom and resistance to anthracnose and dogwood borer. hairmetal4ever. As a result of this strategy, along with Dr. Orton's plant breeding skills and patience, he was rewarded with a much improved dogwood tree. Copyright © 2020 Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, an equal opportunity, affirmative action institution. The newest release from the dogwood tree breeding program is the ‘Rutpink’ Scarlet Fire® dogwood. These new varieties are extraordinarily robust and are distinguished by very attractive large white flowers. Cornus is a genus of about 45 species of mainly deciduous shrubs and small trees. ... Take a look at the trees in the background. This fast-growing tree is the most vigorous of the Rutgers hybrids, too. Cross-breeding with the Kousa dogwood and Cornus nuttalli produced, after years of hybridization and field testing, the hybrid "Jersey Star"® series of varieties that were commercially released in 2004, the first two new varieties being "Venus"® and "Starlight"®. This tree blooms from late May to early June, making it one of the latest-blooming dogwood tree varieties developed at the Rutgers New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station. Venus™ dogwood, officially known as “KN30-8” (PP 16,309), is a complex hybrid that took 30 years to develop and properly evaluate. This superior selection has shown high resistance to the incidents of powdery mildew and dogwood Anthracnose. To ensure genetic purity and variety performance with the Rutgers hybrid dogwoods, it is recommended to purchase trees from nurseries that acquired their inventory from propagators who are authorized licensees of Rutgers University and use the variety trademark by name. Fall color is reddish-purple. And to top it off they were also prone to Dogwood borers. During the 1970's native American dogwoods, Cornus florida, were under serious attack from insects and diseases and the future of dogwoods used by landscapers was in jeopardy. Since its 2016 release, the Scarlet Fire® dogwood has been available on a limited basis, propagated through nurseries that are Rutgers licensees and distributed to nurseries in New Jersey and in other states for resale. O: 848-932-4467 | orc.rutgers.edu While the native dogwood blooms in late April and early May, … Bred from Rutgers University to be more disease resistant, more drought tolerant, more sun tolerant, and more floriferous than standard dogwood trees, Rosy Teacups is an incredibly tough but pretty hybrid dogwood that produces gorgeous, super-abundant deep rose pink flowers with red toned edges that will take your breath away in late spring. Rutgers Venus® Dogwood. A small series of dogwoods, these trees were developed in a program at Rutgers University. Additionally, the dogwood borer was causing serious problems to the health of the American dogwood. Each features a slightly different flower form, which opens just after the native dogwoods. Admittedly, most of that time was spent waiting and patiently watching the trees grow, but it’s still a long time. Noteworthy Characteristics. Dr. Hyperion ® is one of the more recent commercial releases from Dr. Orton's famed hybrid dogwood breeding program at Rutgers University. Dogwoods are native ornamental trees. The “Scarlet Fire” dogwood is hardy from Florida to Connecticut and west into Ohio. In addition to the "Stellar Series"® Dr. Orton continued his research and hybridization to improve commercial dogwood trees. Propagation numbers continue to grow as demand increases for the tree with over 25,000 budded in 2017 by Rutgers licensees to produce liner trees which will be harvested in 2018 (and enter the retail market in 2019). Knowing the species of your tree is crucial to deciding if a dogwood with peeling bark is in danger or if it is a normal occurrence. Most customers either ask for Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) or C. kousa (Korean Dogwood), but forget about the Rutgers Hybrids. Our native Flowering Dogwood were severely affected by Anthracnose in the early ’70s. The two Rutgers dogwood hybrids, Cornus × elwinortonii and Cornus × rutgersensis, were developed by Orton decades ago and have finally been provided with scientific names in a paper published in the open-access journal, PhytoKeys, for horticulturists and garden lovers worldwide to add to … This group of dogwoods is comprised of the Rutgers hybrid dogwood varieties have earned a reputation for improved performance as landscapers and gardeners now recognize Rutgers dogwoods to be highly resistant to the dogwood borer, while displaying significantly improved resistance to powdery mildew and dogwood anthracnose. Its large, creamy white flowers almost completely cover the tree and develop bracts in excess of 6 inches in size. Mountain Moon - Large creamy-white flowers cover this medium size tree (to 20') in late-spring. The release of the "Stellar Series"® provided dogwood varieties to the landscape industry that were found to be highly resistant to the dogwood borer, while displaying significantly improved resistance to powdery mildew and dogwood anthracnose. It is estimated that over 10,000 bare-root liner trees (propagation stage trees) were sold in 2017, many of which will enter the retail garden center market in the spring of 2018. Bred in 1989, the recently released Hyperion® is composed of three-quarters Japanese Kousa Dogwood and one-quarter American Flowering Dogwood. ‘Galaxy’) is a small, upright, ornamental tree that will grace your landscape with loads of large snow-white flowers in spring and ruby-red foliage in fall. Asexual reproduction of Rutgers patented hybrid dogwoods and use of trademark names without a license agreement from Rutgers University is strictly prohibited. Actually, it took Dr. Orton a quarter century of evaluating experimental hybrid trees in various climates, retesting new hybrid trees with old standard dogwoods, and reconfirming performance before the first series of Rutgers dogwoods reached the market in the early 1990"s. The first commercially available varieties released from Dr. Orton's improved hybrid dogwood breeding program were named the "Stellar Series"® which included the highly popular "Stellar Pink"® variety. Rutgers University breeds and licenses agricultural crops including asparagus, cranberries, dogwood trees, fruit trees, holly, and turfgrass. Since its 2016 release, the Scarlet Fire® dogwood has been available on a limited basis, propagated through nurseries that are Rutgers licensees and distributed to nurseries in New Jersey and in other states for resale. The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. 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