This study uses data from the 1979 fertility and family planning survey in rural Sierra Leone sponsored by the International Development Research Centre in Canada. A 1986 UN estimate is 215/1000 for 1975-1980. Sierra Leone has the worldâs highest estimated maternal mortality ratio of 1,165 (95% CI: 951-1379) deaths per 100,000 live births (DHS, 2013). As shown in Graph 1, there has been a consistent decline in the under-five mortality rate since 1993. The World Health Organization (WHO) recently estimated the maternal mortality ratio at 1,360 (80% CI: 999-1980) deaths per 100,000 live births. The aim of this paper is to examine biological, maternal and socioeconomic determinants of infant mortality in Sierra Leone.,It uses an analytical framework and Cox proportional hazards regression to break down the effects of factors determining infant mortality. Sierra Leone has one of the highest rates of infant and maternal mortality in the world with a maternal mortality ratio of 1,165 per 100,000 live births and under 5 mortality at 156 per 1,000 live births. Sierra Leone has the worldâs highest under-5 mortality rate with 198 deaths of children under-5 for every 1,000 children born. ... mortality. 96.3 (per 1,000 live births) Sierra Leone Urban Population Currently, 42.9 % of the population of Sierra Leone is urban (3,349,039 people in 2019) Angola, Chad, Somalia and Democratic Republic of the Congo all have rates of about 150 deaths for every 1,000 children while sub-Saharan Africa as a whole has a rate of 98/1000. This high maternal mortality rate was mainly due to hemorrhages, a cause of 26 percent of maternal deaths in sub-Saharan Africa. Infant mortality rate: 84/1,000 live births TOP 10 CAUSES OF DEATH 1. Malaria 2. The prevalence of maternal and infant mortality. At the other childhood ages the poor nutritional status of the majority of children in Sierra Leone as shown by the results of the 1978 National Nutrition Survey was seen as the significant factor. Infant mortality rate of Sierra Leone fell gradually from 190.1 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1970 to 80.9 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2019. Sierra Leone has the highest maternal mortality rate in the world, as well as one of the highest under five years of age childhood mortality rates. As of 2010, Sierra Leone had a maternal mortality rate (MMR) of 857 per 100,000 live births, making it one of the most dangerous countries in the world for women to give birth. 70.1 (infant deaths per 1,000 live births) Deaths under age 5. Infant mortality rate is the number of infants dying before reaching one year of age, per 1,000 live births in a given year. Infant Mortality. In 2019, infant mortality rate for Sierra Leone was 80.9 deaths per 1,000 live births. Child and maternal health in Sierra Leone. Infant mortality in Sierra Leone was 119 deaths per 1,000 live births, with an under-five mortality rate of 182 deaths per 1,000 live births. The maternal mortality rate is higher in Sierra Leone than anywhere else in the world, at 1,360 deaths per 100,000 live births â a rate six times higher than the global average, and a far cry from the Sustainable Development Goal target of less than 70 deaths per 100,000 live births. Abstract PIP: Estimates of infant mortality rates in Sierra Leone are extremely high. Fertility in Sierra Leone.