Silphium integrifolium Rosin Weed. Basic Description Clusters of rounded yellow flowers bloom at the top of stout stems July -August. Interpretive Summary: The fly commonly known as the sunflower seed maggot is a sunflower pest that also infests Silphium, a group of plants closely related to sunflowers that are being explored as potential new crops. Silphium integrifolium – ROSINWEED. Silphium integrifolium ( Wholeleaf Rosinweed ) A moderate growing, rhizomatous perennial, reaching up to 8 x 4 ( rarely over 6 x 3 ) feet, that is native to prairies in central and eastern U.S. ( from southeast South Dakota to southern Ontario; south to New Mexico to Alabama ). The Annual Photo Contest voting is over. It is native to eastern North America, including Ontario in Canada and … Interpretive Summary: Silphium, also known as silflower, is a perennial plant native to North America that is being domesticated for biomass and edible seed oils. Silphium integrifolium: wholeleaf rosinweed: L48(N) CAN(I) SIINL: Silphium integrifolium var. Research Project: Genetic Enhancement of Sunflower Yield and Tolerance to Biotic Stress Location: Sunflower and Plant Biology Research Title: Silphium integrifolium seed and biomass responses to plant density and N fertilization Author ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Silphium integrifolium is a perennial plant in the sunflower family native to the Great Plains and other parts of North America. Planting density had no effect on seed (SY) or oil yield (OY), other seed related variables, or harvest index. laeve Torr. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The objectives were to determine the effects of planting density and N fertilizer rate on silflower seed and oil yields, biomass production and seed yield components for three years after establishment. This is the smallest of all the Silphiums and have textured … 2 - 6 Feet USDA Hardiness Zones. It is extremely rare and local in much of its natural range. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Point of Contact: itiswebmaster@itis.gov. A lock ( Silphium … In 2017, far more flies emerged from S. integrifolium and hybrids than from S. perfoliatum, but even high numbers of adult flies emerged per head appeared unrelated to seed set in S. integrifolium. At the 179 kg ha-1 N rate, seed, oil, and biomass yields were 1651, 381 kg ha-1 10.5 Mg ha-1, respectively, in the year following seeding but declined thereafter. On a sandy soil, seed yield, oil yield, and biomass yield increased linearly with N rates from 0 to 179 kg ha in the year after seeding, but were not affected by N fertilization rates in subsequent years. Official websites use .gov Silphium integrifolium has been identified as a “problem solver” plant for erosion control by the Missouri Botanical Garden, and also one of three silphiums recommended for “prairie gardens” and dry meadow gardens. Bloom Season. Oecologia 93:114-120. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. The genus name "Silphium" comes from the Greek word "silphion," the name of a plant with similar properties. & A. Wholeleaf Rosinweed, Entire-leaf Rosinweed Asteraceae (Aster Family) Synonym(s): USDA Symbol: SIIN2 USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN . A coarse perennial, 2-6 ft. tall with large, yellow composite flowers and rough, paired, oval to … Previous. Page designed through the cooperative efforts of interagency ITIS Teams. Sunflower and Plant Biology Research. Next ... USDA Zones 4-8 Plant Spacing 2-4' Catalog Number SIL52F. Download a high-resolution TIFF image of Silphium integrifolium (3139 KB) Time Generated: 11/28/2020 06:10 PM CST PLANTS Home | USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | Policies and Links A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Vote HERE are your winners and runners-up! Silphium integrifolium NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. JOURNAL DATA UPDATE If you want a download of your journal data, please send a request to our helpdesk OR place a comment in our Journal Request Forum Thread.Journals are set to be removed by the end of the year so don't delay! Animal Metabolism-Agricultural Chemicals Research, Insect Genetics and Biochemistry Research, Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center, Genetic Enhancement of Sunflower Yield and Tolerance to Biotic Stress, REINERT, STEPHAN - University Of Colorado. PAIR WITH... Silphium trifoliatum Whorled Rosin Weed. integrifolium Show All Show Tabs wholeleaf rosinweed $3.00 - $15.00. But even when many flies infested Silphium heads, seed production was not affected. Silphium integrifolium is a species of flowering plant in the aster family, Asteraceae. Germplasm improvement for seed and oil yield per se and breeding and management research to reduce yield decline with plant age will be critical to develop this new perennial oilseed cropping system. Because these cups tend to store rainwater, insects and small birds often visit this plant. Combined, results suggest that N. finalis is unlikely to limit seed production of Silphium spp. integrifolium (wholeleaf rosinweed) from the USDA PLANTS database Location: For the extinct ancient plant, see Silphium. Projects: Genetic Enhancement of Sunflower Yield and Tolerance to Biotic Stress ... Pest potential of Neotephritis finalis (Loew) on Silphium integrifolium Michx., Silphium perfoliatum L., … Silphium integrifolium Michx. Silphium integrifolium Silphium integrifolium Michx. $5.99) (No reviews yet) Write a Review Write a Review × Silphium integrifolium – ROSINWEED ... USDA zones : 4 to 8. ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. The Land Institute is domesticating silphium, which has the potential to be at least as productive as the oilseed sunflower in favorable environments. Averaged over all years and silt loam and sandy soils, a planting density increase from 1181 to 53792 plants ha-1 linearly increased biomass yield, but decreased seed heads per plant and seeds per plant. The results suggest that plants compensate greatly for changes in plant density and may be scavenging nitrogen from the soil in addition to using applied nitrogen, which is generally in keeping with trends that occur in the related crop, sunflower. LockA locked padlock PAIR WITH... Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant. Members of the genus, commonly known as rosinweeds, are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 0.2 m (8 in) to more than 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) tall, with yellow (rarely white) flowerheads that resemble sunflowers. Its common names include rosinweed, whole-leaf rosinweed, entire-leaf rosinweed, and prairie rosinweed. USDA,ARS,NCSL 1307 18TH ST N FARGO, ND 581022765. The genus name "Silphium" comes from the Greek word "silphion," the … Silphium integrifolium – ROSINWEED. Relative to annual oilseed crops, seed and oil yields for this new perennial species are low. Exposure. This vigorous native species gets its common name from the "cup" formed by the leaf as it joins the unique square stem. ... Silphium integrifolium wholeleaf rosinweed Silphium laciniatum compassplant Silphium mohrii ... USDA.gov | NRCS | Site Map | … The NatureServe site lists Silphium integrifolium as Imperiled in Maine, Possibly Extirpated in Colorodo, and Critically Imperiled in Wyoming. Fay PA, Hartnett DC, Knapp AK (1993) Increased photosynthesis and water potentials in Silphium integrifolium galled by cynipid wasps. Results indicate that increasing plant density increases biomass yields, but not necessarily oil yields and seed yields. is considered a candidate for domestication to generate a new perennial oilseed crop due to its large seeds and resistance to drought and heat stress (Vilela et al., 2018). Silphium integrifolium Michx. Data Source and References for Silphium integrifolium var. $21.00 - $920.00. An official website of the United States government. Soil Conditions. Silphium integrifolium Rosin Weed. The Plants Database includes the following 19 species of Silphium . $3.00 - $15.00. An official website of the United States government. Silphium integrifolium in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Moist, Well-Drained . A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States. July - … Hosted by the USGS Core Science Analytics and Synthesis. $3.00 - $20.00. Observations of flies emerging from Silphium heads in North Dakota showed that some Silphium species are more heavily infested by this pest than others. USDA Zones 3-9 Plant Spacing 3-4' Catalog Number SIL54F. What is rosinweed? Data Source and References for Silphium integrifolium (wholeleaf rosinweed) from the USDA PLANTS database – wholeleaf rosinweed Subordinate Taxa The Plants Database includes the following 5 subspecies of Silphium integrifolium . Detention Basin Seed Mix. integrifolium Wholeleaf Rosinweed Asteraceae (Aster Family) Synonym(s): Silphium laevigatum USDA Symbol: SIINI USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN var. Secure .gov websites use HTTPS Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Experiments with a selected silflower population evaluated the effect of five planting densities on silt loam and sandy soils, and five N rates and two planting densities on a sandy loam. A Silphium plant (: genet) consists of from a few up to about 100 shoots which form a tightly packed clump. Stems reach t-2 m tall and bear 15-25 pairs ofopposite leaves. Eighteenth century French botanist Andre Michaux recorded a description this species on one of his many journeys throughout America. See the map below. Official websites use .gov Secure .gov websites use HTTPS integrifolium Silphium integrifolium Michx. Silphium laciniatum Compass Plant. Silphium is a genus of North American plants in the sunflower tribe within the daisy family. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Endangered List- Silphium integrifolium is listed on the USDA Plants Database as Threatened in Michigan. Technical Abstract: Neotephritis finalis (Loew), a fly known as a minor pest of cultivated sunflowers (Helianthus annuus L.), has also been observed to attack Silphium spp., which are being evaluated as new crops to produce biomass or edible oil. Oecologia 88:243-250. Full Sun . Rosinweed. Silphium integrifolium. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. Mature Height. Yellow . Effects on seed production were assessed by examining the percent of achenes containing fully developed seeds (i.e., seed set). Location: Sunflower and Plant Biology Research. Fly infestation in a second year was also very low. Silphium integrifolium var. Silphium shoot growth begins in spring from belowground buds initiated the previous year on a stout woody rhizome. A lock ( Accessed: 07-Oct-06. It also is of interest for direct domestication into a sunflower-like perennial crop for vegetable oil production. Interpretive Summary: A domesticated sunflower relative, Silphium integrifolium, is of interest as a crop-wild relative model species. Sampling in Kansas and North Dakota documented the plant–herbivore and plant–pollinator interactions of the developing perennial oilseed crop, Silphium integrifolium Michx. Vernacular names (rosinweed; silflower) is a native perennial oilseed crop that can provide ecosystem services but its seed, oil, and biomass yield potential are unknown. Silphium laciniatum is a PERENNIAL growing to 2 m (6ft) by 0.6 m (2ft in). Quick Profile. $27.00 - $1,488.00. Project Methods Silphium integrifolium (four accessions), Silphium pertifolium (cup plant, eight accessions), Silphium laciniatum (compass plant, seven accessions) are underrepresented in USDA national germplasm repository (GRIN). Animal Metabolism-Agricultural Chemicals Research, Insect Genetics and Biochemistry Research, Edward T. Schafer Agricultural Research Center, Genetic Enhancement of Sunflower Yield and Tolerance to Biotic Stress, SCHEAFFER, CRAIG - University Of Minnesota. Canada to the Gulf of Mexico (USDA – NRCS, 2019). Projects: Winter Nursery and Seed Production for Rapid Germplasm Enhancement ... Silphium integrifolium seed and biomass responses to plant density and N fertilization-(Peer Reviewed Journal) Gray Show All Show Tabs wholeleaf rosinweed LockA locked padlock Fay PA, Hartnett DC (1991) Constraints on growth and allocation patterns of Silphium integrifolium (Asteraceae) caused by a cynipid gall wasp. In order fully explore the natural variation we see the need for further exploration of the primary and secondary germplasm of Silphium Integrifolium. var. Fly infestations of Silphium integrifolium Michx., Silphium perfoliatum L. and their interspecific hybrid were assessed by securing bags over heads late in bloom and counting emerged adult flies ˜ 40 d later as a proxy for number of successful larvae. Winners will also be notified shortly. Silphium integrifolium; Next Product. The purpose of this study was to understand how to optimize yield of seeds, seed oils, and above-ground biomass by changing plant density and nitrogen fertilizer rate. When grown on sandy soils, increasing nitrogen fertilizer increased seed yield, oil yield, and biomass yield in the first year after establishment, but no effects of fertility were seen after the first year. $3.00 - $30.00. Observations of flies emerging from Silphium heads in North Dakota showed that some Silphium species are more heavily infested by this pest than others. Technical Abstract: Silphium integrifolium Michx. Flowering occurs from July to October. USDA,ARS,NCSL 1307 18TH ST N FARGO, ND 581022765. var. Silphium trifoliatum Whorled Rosin Weed. Over both experiments SY and OY per hectare were closely related (r= 0.99) and together were associated (r>0.60) with seed heads per plant, seeds per head, and seeds per plant. Silphium integrifolium Michx. Biomass yield was only moderately associated with SY, OY and tillers per ha. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September. Because of the resinous liquid its stems contain, this plant is commonly known as rosin weed. 4 - 8 Native To: Illinois Indiana Iowa Michigan Missouri Wisconsin . Abstract. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Interpretive Summary: The fly commonly known as the sunflower seed maggot is a sunflower pest that also infests Silphium, a group of plants closely related to sunflowers that are being explored as potential new crops. Combined observations in two locations over two years suggest the sunflower seed maggot is not likely to limit seed production in Silphium. Bloom Color. $3.00 - $30.00. Silphium integrifolium Michx. Jungle Prairie Seed Mix. A sunflower-like wildflower, rosinweed (Silphium integrifolium) is named for the sticky sap that oozes from cut or broken stems.This cheery plant is a member of the Asteraceae family, along with daisies, mums, sunflowers, marigolds and dandelions.Growing rosinweed plants couldn’t be easier. In 2018, far fewer flies were found across all Silphium spp, but seed set was similar to 2017. Production was not affected in two locations over two years suggest the sunflower seed maggot is not likely to seed... The developing perennial oilseed crop, Silphium integrifolium but even when many flies infested Silphium in. Ft. tall with large, yellow composite flowers and rough, paired, oval to … Silphium integrifolium.... 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