Austria was at war with the Ottomans, as were the Russians, while both were negotiating with Prussia over partitioning Poland. One suggestion is that after a century of persecution, some French Protestants actively supported an anti-Catholic regime, a resentment fuelled by Enlightenment thinkers such as Voltaire. One cause of the French Revolution was having an absolute monarchy. Reflections on the Revolution in France is a political pamphlet, published in 1790. In August, new conscription measures were passed and by May 1794 the French army had between 750,000 and 800,000 men. [73], The Assembly continued to develop new institutions; in September 1790, the regional Parlements were abolished and their legal functions replaced by a new independent judiciary, with jury trials for criminal cases. [77], Despite calls to replace the monarchy with a republic, Louis retained his position but was generally regarded with acute suspicion and forced to swear allegiance to the constitution. However, the question is: was the French revolution … French revolution (1789) is one of the greatest events not only in the history of France and Europe but also in the history of the world at large. [169], The role of women in the Revolution has long been a topic of debate. [173], On 20 June 1792 a number of armed women took part in a procession that "passed through the halls of the Legislative Assembly, into the Tuileries Garden, and then through the King's residence. [247] In general, scholarship on the French Revolution initially studied the political ideas and developments of the era, but it has gradually shifted towards social history that analyses the impact of the Revolution on individual lives. Geoffrey Ellis, 'Religion according to Napoleon', in Nigel Aston, ed., J. Christopher Soper and Joel S. Fetzer, "Explaining the accommodation of Muslim religious practices in France, Britain, and Germany. The third estate made up mostly all of Frances population at the time, with 97 percent. [46], In response to this unrest, the Assembly published the August Decrees, ending feudalism and other privileges held by the nobility, notably exemption from tax. On 30 September, the Constituent Assembly was dissolved, and the Legislative Assembly convened the next day. At one end of the political spectrum, reactionaries like Cazalès and Maury denounced the Revolution in all its forms, with extremists like Maximilien Robespierre at the other. ", Tim McHugh, "Expanding Women's Rural Medical Work in Early Modern Brittany: The Daughters of the Holy Spirit,", Jacques Léonard, "Femmes, Religion et Médecine: Les Religieuses qui Soignent, en France au XIXe Siècle,". [15], The other major drag on the economy was state debt. It was celebrated on the left as the people's avenger and cursed as the symbol of the Terror by the right. The latter derived rank from judicial or administrative posts and tended to be hard-working professionals, who dominated the regional parlements and were often intensely socially conservative. [129] They were quickly dispersed and the main impact was another round of arrests, while Jacobin prisoners in Lyon were summarily executed. On 17th, the Law of Suspects ordered the arrest of suspected "enemies of freedom", initiating what became known as the "Terror". Meanwhile, the men who controlled the Jacobins rejected the Revolutionary Republican Women as dangerous rabble-rousers. Neither the First or Second Estates paid any taxes. The French Revolution was a key event in the history of France. Rapid population growth and restrictions caused by the inability to adequately finance government debt resulted in economic depression, unemployment and high food prices. Rousseau.... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. Many things contributed to it evolving. 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