He came to power in March 2003 after leading a rebellion against President Ange-Félix Patassé and ushered in a transitional period of government. NOTE: 1) The information regarding Central African Republic on this page is re-published from the 2020 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency and other sources. Occasional Paper 2, The Institute for Justice and Reconciliation. CAR’s high mortality rate and low life expectancy are attributed to elevated rates of preventable and treatable diseases (including malaria and malnutrition), an inadequate health care system, precarious food security, and armed conflict. The Central African Republic, a landlocked country, borders Sudan to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo to the south, Cameroon to the west, and Chad to the north. Gen. in Charge of Relations With the Institutions of the Republic & Monitoring & Evaluation of Public Policies Jean-Christophe NGUINZA Governor, Bank of Central African States Central African Republic - Central African Republic - The colonial era: During the last two decades of the 19th century, Belgium, Great Britain, Germany, and France competed for control of equatorial Africa. Carayannis, Tatiana and Fowlis, Mignonne (2017) Lessons from African Union–United Nations Cooperation in Peace Operations in the Central African Republic. Its land area is 240,000 sq. François Bozizé Yangouvonda (born October 14, 1946) is the President of the Central African Republic. Analysis - In the Central African Republic, the smooth conduct of the December 2020 elections will be essential for the country's stability. The bishops noted that since the Central African Republic’s independence in 1960, the country has only seen three democratic transfers of power: in 1981, 1993 and 2016. Govt. In 2017, sectarian clashes between Christian and Muslim populations continued to threaten the free practice of religion. The challenges he faces would be significant for any president, given the current economic and political conditions. The Central African Republic’s (CAR) humanitarian crisis has worsened since a coup in March 2013. The Central African Republic (CAR) has been unstable since its independence from France in 1960. D3. Officially Central African Republic is a secular state, but religious and sectarian cleavages often overlap with the country’s political divisions. On March 24, a presidential decree named the armed groups leaders Ali Darassa, leader of the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (Unité pour la … Knoope, Peter and Buchanan-Clarke, Stephen (2018) Central African Republic: A Conflict Misunderstood. Belgium, Germany, and France each wanted the region that would eventually become the Central African Republic. mi. Sec. Central African Republic. 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