Anyone who criticized the government could be arrested and put in prison without trial. According to Prof. Goodwin, “The immediate causes of French Revolution of 1789 must be sought, not in the economic grievances of the peasants, nor in the political discontent of the middle class, but in the reactionary aspirations of the French aristocracy. A few years before the French’s revolution the French spent approximately 1.3 billion livres, 13 billion dollars, on the American Revolution. We know that the French revolution is one of the most important event in the modern history of Europe. Banks and Erica Johnson The French Revolution, though political, assumed the guise and tactics of a religious revolution. "Revisionist" interpretations of the French Revolution and its causes no longer deserve that label. [1] — The rule of the monarchy and aristocracy was challenged and ended. As the Revolution ignited, the rest of Europe looked on in horror at the social and political upheaval. 1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state . While there were political and social causes of The French Revolution the most important cause was actually economic. This gracious contribution caused trouble at home. Causes of The French Revolution in Urdu/Hindi - Duration: 29:07. 2. The former not only spread beyond the limits of France, but, like religious revolutions, spread by preaching and propaganda. Overpopulation caused an unrelenting strain on natural resources in the country, and this led to a number of complications that eventually gave rise to the revolution. … 1ST Stage: National Assembly Third Estate declares itself the National Assembly, vows to write new Constitution. Causes of the French Revolution. Louis XVI was king at the time of the French Revolution. Throughout the years of 1789-1814, the French Revolution occurred which left a huge mark in world history. In the 17th and 18th centuries, France was ruled by an absolute government. To understand the causes of the French Revolution, one needs to understand France’s political structure before the revolution began. The French Revolution (1789 – 1799), had a deep and lasting impact upon the whole of Europe, profoundly challenging traditional notions of authority and political power. He believed men could be corrupted by the greed and competition in civilization. The next major cause of the French Revolution was the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI and resentment that French citizens felt towards the authority of the king. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy. The French Revolution was a time of social and political upheaval in France and its colonies that began in 1789 and ended in 1799. As a political science student, it is very important to know 3. Political causes are believed to be the major influence in the commencing of the French Revolution. After winning the French and Indian War, King George II decided that it was time to tighten Britain's control over the colonies. Important Events By: Heather, Emma, Natalie, and David. 4. Political, economical, and social problems in France during the 18th century led to an uneasy state. The Political Culture of the French Revolution (Oxford, 1988). Hunt, Politics, Culture and Class: 221. 3. Anticipating an attack from Prussia and Austria, France preemptively declared war in 1792 kicking off the French Revolutionary Wars, followed by the Napoleonic Wars. Of course, there are many political, economic, and social causes leading to this sudden political advancement in France. The causes of the French Revolution can be attributed to several intertwining factors: Cultural: The Enlightenment philosophy desacralized the authority of the monarchy and the Catholic Church, and promoted a new society based on reason instead of traditions essence of the revolutionary situation which existed in France in the 1780s was the bankruptcy of the king, and hence the state. The French Revolution began on May 5, 1789, when the Estates-General (representatives elected to represent the clergy, the nobility, and the rest of the population) gathered together for the first time in more than 150 years. Inspired by liberal and radical ideas, Its overthrow of the Monarchy influenced the decline of absolute Monarchies in other parts of Europe. One man responsible for some of the social aspects of the French Revolution was Jean Jacques Rosseau. He believed men could be corrupted by the greed and competition in civilization. The French Revolution was one of the most important events in history. 2. (1789) 2ND Stage: Limited Monarchy New Constitution of 1791 The things that led up to the French revolution were all caused from within the social, political, and economic world of France. We was a French philosopher who believed in the natural goodness of man. Decades of War. The French Revolution had many social, political and economic causes. The political discontent of France was one of the causes of the Revolution. During this time period, Napoleon’s reign also also occurred. The king had all the political powers. Following were the social, economic, political and intellectual causes of the French Revolution: Social - The social conditions in France in late 18 th century were extremely unequal and exploitative. Political Causes of the the French Revolution. Rousseau believed there could be a utopia free of vices where … ...The political, economic, and social causes of the French Revolution affected the people of France.The French Revolution also had an impact on the world outside of France. France - France - The causes of the French Revolution: In an immediate sense, what brought down the ancien régime was its own inability to change or, more simply, to pay its way. 3. The French publication of Locke's Treatises in 1724 also played an important role in influencing both pre-Revolutionary and post-Revolutionary ideology. One school of interpretation maintains that French society under the ancien régime was rent by class war. At the beginning of the eighteenth century, France had 20 million people living within its borders, a number equal to nearly 20 percent of the population of non-Russian Europe. Revolutions are major turning points in history and regardless of where they occur, some common factors are present. Political conflict: conflict between the Monarchy and the nobility over the “reform” of the tax system led to paralysis and bankruptcy. French Revolution Major Causes. King Louis had nearly all of the power there was to have in France during the eighteenth century. 1. International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state . Study Politics 594 views. The clergy and the nobility formed the first two Estates and were the most privileged classes in the French society. Enlightenment ideology and the success of the American Revolution encouraged a revolt in France. In this study will focus on the reasons and the consequences of the French revolution. Some further points of resemblance between the two may be noticed. With the nation in debt due to the Seven Years’ War, unnecessary spending of the government, and the American Revolution, chaos for stability erupted the country. Causes of the French Revolution. Paul R. Hanson, Provincial Politics in the French Revolution: Caen and Limoges, 1789–1793 (Baton Rouge, 1989); and Hanson, The Jacobin Republic under Fire: The Federalist Revolt in the French Revolution (University Park, PA, 2003). The Social causes for the French Revolution were varied. The King highly taxed the peasants of France to use for himself and his wants. This damaged France’s economy for many years to come. the French Revolution, began with the overthrow of the English monarchy by the Parliament of England in 1649.The American Revolution of 1776 soon followed, and finally, France started their own Revolution; the French Revolution of 1789. The French Revolution had huge political effects, in fact, this was the most famous part of the Revolution. He was more interested in hunting than governing France. In the quarter of a century since Alfred Cobban published The Social Interpretation of the French Revolution, the rejection of Marxian categories and, in most cases, of any socioeconomic explanation of the upheaval that began in 1789 has become the new orthodoxy. The French Revolution had many social, political and economic causes. The French Revolution, also known as the Revolution of 1789, was the revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax in 1789. Most of the French population was frustrated by heavy taxes and a political system that put virtually all power in the hands of aristocrats. Marie Antoinette, the wife of King Louis XVI, was also a political cause of the French Revolution. The French Revolution’s effects were felt throughout Europe and the world for decades and many have persisted to this day. Marie was not only the wife of the king, but she was highly known for spending the tax money on things for herself. The root causes of the Haitian Revolution and French Revolution differ in that the French Revolution was both a response to both political and social issues and inequalities in France, such as the powerful monarchy and neglect of the peasants, whereas the Haitian Revolution was mainly caused by the social inequality people of color in Haiti faced compared to the Europeans in Haiti. The French Revolution sparked the beginning for many new reforms in France that were previously unavailable to the 3rd estate. Like Industrial Revolution and American Revolution, the French Revolution was also the originator of few but important political ideas or concepts. Rosseau was a French philosopher who believed in the natural goodness of man. New forms of democratic-style government were tested, though many did not work well. One man responsible for some of the social aspects of the French Revolution was Jean Jacques Rosseau. An absolute monarchy is a form of government that involved society being ruled over by an all-powerful king or queen. Many in England were inspired by the movement’s core ideals of social equality and popular sovereignty, believing that a new era of political change had been heralded. [33] Proponents of the Enlightenment being a major cause, or indeed the major cause, of the French Revolution usually assert [ weasel words ] that the Estates-General was an opportunity for these ideas to be expressed. The main social cause of the French Revolution was the high population density in the country. The deeper causes for its collapse are more difficult to establish. Introduction The French Revolution of 1789 had far-reaching effects on the social and political life of people. Hence the conventional term "1789 Revolution", which denotes the end of the Old Regime in France and also serves to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848. 2. By Bryan A. 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