As the long lines of celebrants wound into the temple precinct, the great drum played constantly, uniting their steps and their voices. Puertocarrero and Montejo were carefully chosen. The conquest of Mexico is not only a significant event in world history, but is also particularly important because there are multiple accounts of the conquest from different points of view, both Spanish and indigenous. This grand gesture confirmed his intention, as he later declared, “that they would conquer and win the land, or die in the attempt”. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. this time that Cortés wrote his long second letter to the King The official website for BBC History Magazine, BBC History Revealed and BBC World Histories Magazine, Save over 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed gift subscription, Caroline Dodds tells of how Hernán Cortés conquered Tenochtitlan and how he earned his fearsome reputation. As the conquistadors marched toward Tenochtitlan they encountered the subjects and enemies of the Aztecs, and Cortés increasingly observed internal hostilities that he could exploit to his advantage. Originally founded on inhospitable marsh and small islands in Lake Texcoco, by the 16th century their great island capital of Tenochtitlan had grown into a spectacular metropolis, linked to the mainland by three tremendous causeways and the heart of a network of nearly 400 subject and allied cities. In 1506, he sailed to the Indies where he helped in the conquest of Cuba and married a relative of its first governor. When he heard of Cortés’s arrival Montezuma refused to meet with the Spaniards, instead sending gifts, offering the tribute that frequently resolved disputes in Mesoamerican society. Soon Still the Aztecs would not surrender, even when only Tenochtitlán; the boats followed later, transported in pieces Colonialism cannot be justified by the doubtful measure of progress but, for better or worse, conquistadors helped to create the global world in which we live. After returning to Spain in 1540 to plead his cause, he died disillusioned in Seville in 1547. ... Cortés's victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain. They applied a warrior tradecraft with lethal proficiency. The following year, Malinche gave birth to her son, Martin, Cortes' first acknowledged child. At fourteen, Cortés was sent to l… Spaniards were gone for good. A huge marketplace drew thousands of people every day from all over this “empire” (as some historians have called it) and a ceremonial precinct lay at the centre of the city, from which the pyramid of the Great Temple towered over the grid of canals and streets. Cortés now had 140 horsemen, 700 foot soldiers, more than 100 crossbowmen, and men expert in firing harquebuses. Hernán Cortés was born in Extremadura, Spain, in the mid-1480s of respectable but undistinguished hidalgo (minor noble) birth. The Aztecs cleaned the A week later, more than half of the Spanish had been killed during their flight from the city on a single “Night of Tears” and Cortés stood surrounded by the remnants of his great expedition. If you subscribe to BBC History Magazine Print or Digital Editions then you can unlock 10 years’ worth of archived history material fully searchable by Topic, Location, Period and Person. As commonly occurs in the biographies of self-made heroes, the few facts of Cortés’s youth have been supplanted by speculation to invent the lineage, training, and experience that befit so-called singular men of the Renaissance. In 1522, after conquering the Aztecs, Cortés was appointed captain-general and governor of “New Spain” (Mexico), granting him great property and influence. Small pox entered the city. Her book Bonds of Blood: Gender, Lifecycle, and Sacrifice in Aztec Culture was published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2008. Aguilar petitioned his Maya chieftain to be allowed to join his former countrymen, and he was released and made his way to Cortés's ships. He was in his mid-20s, the son of Montezuma's Meanwhile, the Aztecs thought the About a month later, on 24 June 1520 the Spanish captain Hernán Cortés returned from the coast and was furious to find the Aztecs prepared for war and his comrades besieged and starving. He had them built in pieces then carried to the eastern shore of Texcoco and assembled there. 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