what you want the description to be on the add functionality page. That’s how we’re going to operate: we’re going to create a Dreamrs Theme inside of our Dreams package. To restrict the dimensions of any image the user adds, put this rule in your main.css stylesheet: We usually want to output the copyright year automatically with php code, for example: Most free templates have a stipulation that you give credit to the original author and link back to their site. This tool is absolutely essential when trying to diagnose html / css layout issues, and also lets you quickly make changes to a page's html or css to see what effect it will have, without having to constantly reload. You might have to leave out the 'Header' area because some templates just don't have banner images, but 99% of all templates do have primary content ('Main' area), a sidebar ('Sidebar' area), and a navigation menu ('Header Nav' area), so you'll want to be sure you've included at least those three in your page type template. Create a new file in the “elements” directory called “header.php”, and put this code at the top of it: Copy the portion of your template that you've decided will be the header element and paste it in at the end of the new “elements/header.php” file. Practical guide to create Concrete5 themes. Are primary images implemented as tags (not background images)? If you change the name of the scrapbook area then you need to change it in the above code as well. But if you want to convert a theme and package it up for the marketplace, there are many more steps and details involved. If you want to set the block automatically but not with a template, simple use this code instead, If you want to create a new navigation menu in the global scrapbook and hardcode that into the template then create a new autonav scrapbook block called menu (change this if you want) and call it with. You need to specify this in your theme submission. Notice the “scratch lines” underneath each heading. Then look for the link on the dropdown that says submit to marketplace. In this guide we will walk you through the manual install of a Concrete 5 theme. If this is the case, we do not want to make it easy for the end-user to remove this (the template author was nice enough to give it away for free, after all). The basic tutorial for making a concrete5 theme is a good start when you want to customize a template for your site. These blocks are also easy to template, so you can see your changes easily without having to add a block. Example: http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/yosemite/ – the image of the lake is a CSS background-image, and hence cannot be changed. If you ever built your own Concrete5 theme you might have wondered why there are usually two css files – main.css and typography.css. But if you want to convert a theme and package it up for the marketplace, there are many more steps and details involved. You can also provide instructions on how to style them and what to apply, but still don't know if the user will add the correct type of content. There is no way a user of your theme will go through the trouble to code their content this way (assuming they even know how, which you shouldn't). with tage you can also use custom attributes. Concrete5 doesn't provide a way to distribute default content with a theme, but we can fake it by putting code in our page type template that checks whether or not a block exists – if no block exists, then display the default image, but if a block does exist, then display that instead. You then add Package after it because it is a package to lwt c5 know it can install it. On the other hand, we did not keep the clearing divs inside each piece of sample content, because they're specific to that content and are not required for the layout of the page as a whole (although if for some reason they were essential to the page layout, you could include them via the “block wrapper” functionality – see below). The golden rule in selecting a template is that is should be *flexible* enough to accomodate a variety of layouts and content. In concrete5 version 9, ensure your themes work with elements of the core by building off the concrete5 Asset Bedrock. Additionally, some blocks may be styled in such a way that they are never called. You should have basic knowledge about building a theme for Concrete5. See below under custom templates to learn how to make it work. What you want to replace with the above code is only the copyright 2010 your site, not template designed by nicedesigns.com. To hard-code the auto-nav block, replace the navigation menu code in your page type template with this: This code specifies that the auto-nav block only shows top-level pages (because most templates don't have styles for drop-down or multi-level menus), and uses the custom 'header_menu' template that is included with the auto-nav block (so that it outputs the
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  • tags properly). Once we've made sure that the default page type template looks okay (and tweaked styles as needed), we'll want to make it more reusable by splitting up the header and footer into separate files (called “elements” in concrete5). If you look at the html, you'll see that the scratch lines are a background image applies to the ”.post .meta” class – that is, content inside an element whose class is “meta”, which is itself inside another element whose class is “post”. Convert / create concrete5 themes using a GUI. Create a description file by creating a new text file, putting the theme name on the first line, and the theme description on the second line (usually the templates you download will have a name and description in the comments of the index.html file – you can copy them from there, or write your own if you think you can describe it better). Once you've decided on a template, download it and unzip it. This is a CSS open source template that uses XHTML 1.0. This presents a challenge for themes that will be put on the marketplace because we want to allow users a choice of keeping the default banner image (which usually is chosen by the template author to go well with the rest of the design) or replacing it with their own image. There is no right or wrong answer – it depends on the specific design of the template you're converting. This extended content box is for miscellaneous things like twitter/facebook links, related content, and secondary navigation, and often they are styled differently from the rest of the page. Example: http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/conjuction/ – this template is also designed for a blog. Enter the "themes" section of the concrete5 dashboard. http://www.oswd.org/design/preview/id/3697, http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/indication/, http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/conjuction/. Concrete5 will allow you great flexibility and variety of features. Construction Pro is another option for website designers and business owners to create responsive Business Website Themes with a professional and stylish design. Example: http://opensourcetemplates.org/preview/green-hosting/ – this template's menu contains only text, so it will work with concrete5. For example, if your theme's name is “Clean Red Theme”, the folder name would be “clean_red_theme”. Note that the auto-nav block outputs
  • for the currently-active page, which is probably different than the class used by the template (for example, the above sample uses
  • ). For example, if our template looks like this: We would put this portion into the header element: We would put this portion into the footer element: And we would leave this portion in the default.php page type template file: Note that we added an html comment (e.g. You then need to tweak the .php file and the css file to change the look. They are extensively used in various websites to create stunning effects. This happens because your template's stylesheet and concrete5's admin stylesheet are both trying to style the body element. remove some surrounding tags in the sidebar) and reloading it – did the contents of the sidebar stay contained in the sidebar area of the page, or did they jump around or look “wrong” somehow? Tags: blog, business theme, clean, concrete5, corporate, creative, customization, elegant, gallery, … In your theme's directory (e.g. For the sidebar, take a look at how each item is coded in the template's html. Identify the editable areas of the template and replace the sample content with Areas: you would replace all of that with this code: Note that we took out all of the
    elements, but left the surrounding
    tags because they are essential for the structure of the page and have nothing to do with the actual content inside. Is it a blog template or a generic site template? If you think that this bar is an essential part of the template's design, then it is probably not worth converting this one. You can define a customizable area with the code, you need a start and end code though, so you'd end up with. They come with plenty of theme colors and custom templates. Locate the newly installed theme and activate it. Also note that most blog templates have both a title AND a tagline/slogan (because Wordpress has both a title and tagline field in its admin interface), but since concrete5 doesn't allow you to set a tagline/slogan, you should remove it (and whatever html elements are enclosing it so that it doesn't cause weird spacing issues). Note that when someone installs Concrete5 and checks the “install sample content” checkbox, the sample content is in 4 areas: 'Main', 'Sidebar', 'Header Nav', and 'Header'. Some templates have the site title constrained to a relatively narrow fixed-width area. Your default.php file should now look something like this: It is recommended that themes submitted to the marketplace have a few different page types – usually a “left sidebar”, a “right sidebar”, and a “full” layout will suffice. A theme may either reside in the application/themes/ directory (for custom themes in a site), or within the themes/ directory found inside any active package. Example: http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/nourish/ – The title (“Nourish”) has the entire width of the page to expand to, so it would be better as a concrete5 theme. And of course replace the width and height values with the width and height of the default banner image that came with the template. The name would then be theme_clean_red_theme. "Creating Concrete5 Themes" is a practical, hands-on guide that provides you with a number of examples that will teach you how to create powerful concrete5 themes, change the look of content block elements, and even make your site ready for mobile devices. http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/woodenly/, http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/nourish/. Make sure the files from the template are all contained inside a folder (whose name is the name of the theme). That’s how we’re going to operate: we’re going to create a Dreamrs Theme inside of our Dreams package. Add themes and countless features to your website, including both commercial and free options. For example, if the template html looked like this: Now when an auto-nav block is placed there and the “Header Menu” custom template is chosen, it will automatically output the necessary
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    • tags. This will make it very difficult to work as a concrete5 theme because you cannot guarantee that a certain class will be applied. Make any modifications that are needed in the stylesheet (Firebug will be very helpful in tracking down issues). They provide a responsive layout and come with sample content to publish a website quickly. There is no best answer to this question – you will have to decide for yourself based on what you think works best for the design of your theme. That’s ok -- we just need to have the class in place; we’ll add more to it later. For images that you want to make editable content areas, simply replace the element with concrete5 area code: Some templates have an extended content box at the bottom of the page – above the copyright notice but below the main content and sidebar areas. Is the navigation menu an unordered list (
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      • )? This should make more sense, now that you’ve worked with derived namespaces within your concrete5 package. By “hard-coding” the auto-nav block into the page type template, we save users from the trouble of having to add the auto-nav block themselves. Depending on how the template was designed, it is possible that the Concrete5 toolbar interferes with the layout when you are logged in (e.g. Are background images flexible enough to work with different layouts? This is probably mostly with css, so you may want to transfer the css to the custom template. If you are given feedback, you should try to fix the issue within the week, and learn from your mistakes. If this is the case, you will want to make sure this specially-styled box does not appear when there's no content in it (because many people don't utilize these extended content boxes). Some templates use images for their navigation menus. It is also important to use a clean install as if you are planning on submitting to the marketplace then that is what the theme will be tested against, so you can see the problems others have. When concrete5 installs a theme, it uses the theme's folder name to create a "handle" for referencing the files and assets inside. This file contains the information needed for concrete5 to identify the package, install it, uninstall it, and optional custom code that this package adds to the concrete5 startup routine. http://www.kristarella.com/2009/02/04/how-to-use-firebug-for-css/, http://www.freecsstemplates.org/preview/terrafirma2/, Installs My cool theme, an awesome Concrete5 theme, http://www.concrete5.org/marketplace/themes/mobilize/. On the themes page in the dashboard, you should see your theme, with its title and thumbnail image, in a section of the page titled "Themes Available to Install." We don’t need to give the theme the directory theme_dreamrs -- dreamrs by itself would be just fine. Click install and activate it! If you're a web developer and don't use firebug yet, well it's time to start! Right now concrete5 only supports background color customization and color customization, so don't waste time on other things. Replace everything inside the element with these three lines: For example, if the head of your template looked like this: Note that we're using “$this→getStyleSheet()” instead of “$this→getThemePath()” – this is what allows concrete5's “theme customizations” to work (which we will look at in more detail later on in the tutorial). 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