jonsbin@yahoo.com If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Support may thus be tooth-borne, mucosal borne or a combination of tooth and mucosal borne. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The current controversy … Rather than lying entirely on the edentulous ridge like complete dentures, removable partial dentures possess clasps of cobalt-chrome or titanium metal or plastic that "clip" onto the remaining teeth, making the RPD more stable and retentive. a bridge) or removable. [9] Such indirect retention can only be achieved where both claps and rests work together to form lever system (Class III lever system) to retain the free part of denture. The design should be reviewed and simplified removing unnecessary components. Davis Henderson; Victor L. Steffel. Fixed Partial Dentures. Buccal bar (Note the lingual tilting of the teeth meaning a buccal bar is required for a suitable path of insertion/removal. It is used to fill in spans, or gaps, caused by one or more missing teeth. When designing partial dentures, one of the most commonly used classification systems is the Kennedy Classification. 3. 21 It is like a ‘bridge’ fixed on the ‘stages.’ Here, the adjacent teeth or dental implants, called abutments, act as the stages to support the FPD bridge. In addition, it is useful in providing some additional support for mobile lower anterior teeth. and A removable partial denture (RPD) is a denture for a partially edentulous patient who desires to have replacement teeth for functional or aesthetic reasons and who cannot have a bridge (a fixed partial denture) any reason, such as a lack of required teeth to serve as support for a bridge (i.e. Therefore, the need for fixed and removable partial denture (RPD) therapy will remain high and will continue into the future. Take away message. Disadvantage of these are that single strap requires careful placement if there is a torus palatinus. Diagnostic Classification and Design Considerations for Implant-Supported Fixed Partial Dentures and Screw Access Channel: The ABC/PBC and SAC Classifications. Kennedy Class I RPDs are fabricated for people who are missing some or all of their posterior teeth on both sides (left and right) in a single arch (either mandibular or maxillary), and there are no teeth posterior to the edentulous area. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. the removable partial denture (RPD) receives minimal interest in the prosthodontic literature or at professional meetings. Classification Fixed prosthodontics is the area of prosthodontics focused on permanently attached (fixed) dental prostheses.Such dental restorations, also referred to as indirect restorations, include crowns, bridges (fixed dentures), inlays, onlays, and veneers.Prosthodontists are specialist dentists who have undertaken training recognized by academic institutions in this field. They also provide more retention, stability and support due to larger palatal coverage. The parts of an RPD can be listed as follows (and are exemplified by the picture above): There are many options for major connectors for removable upper partial dentures. If the teeth are spaced out and the patient does not wish for visible metal to be seen then an interrupted lingual plate may be used where the material is cut away where it would be visible anteriorly. The denture should where possible have features that withstand horizontal movement (bracing) and the clasps should have appropriate reciprocation. Classification should follow rather than precede any extractions of teeth that might alter the original classification. It may be fixed (i.e. It must be strong and rigid enough to provide a suitable skeleton to the prosthesis and located so as not to damage the gingival or movable tissues. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing Dental Education www.indiandentalacademy.com 2. They are generally inappropriate for Kennedy Class 1 or 2. Advantages of these are that they are useful in small anterior saddles and are cheap to make. 1. Advantages of these are that single strap is useful for Kennedy class III and IV cases. This practice-based cohort study aimed to examine the impact of regular periodontal maintenance visits on survival â ¦ : The universal classification for removable partial denture situations. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. www.indiandentalacademy.com. Prosthodontics MCQs: Removable Partial Dentures - Introduction and Classification Also visit our blog : www.dentaldevotee.blogspot.com for more mcqs and … if patient has a strong gag reflex, a large palatal torus or Kennedy class III. Disadvantages of these are that there is not much support due to less palatal coverage and also that is it bulky and so disliked by some patients. Disadvantages of plates are that they overs a lot of patients mouth so sometimes not well tolerated and also may affect phonetics. [1] The use of this classification allows for easier communication between dental professionals, allows for easily visualization of the arch, and distinguishes a tooth-borne or tissue-supported RPD.[1][2]. Krol modified this design with a short occlusal rest, short guide plane (touching only from occlusal to middle third), and a mesial-shifted I-bar. [1] His classification consisted of four general outlines for partially edentulous arches that can present within a patient, which then could be treated with an RPD. The fixed partial denture (FPD) is a dental restoration used to replace missing teeth and that is permanently attached to adjacent teeth or dental implants. The soft tissue to be replaced (flange) is then drawn. A systematic design process should be followed: However, this is not always possible. dentures. Kratochvil designed the abutment tooth with a long rest (from the mesial marginal ridge to the distal pit), long guide plane, and a regular I-bar clasp. The patient's oral condition is categorized based on the remaining dentition in a classification first proposed by Dr. Edward Kennedy in 1925. The partial edentulous population is increasing because of an increasing aging population, increased life expectancy, and individuals retaining more teeth at an older age. Types of Dental bridges (FPD) / dental implant courses. The denture teeth are composed of either plastic or porcelain. Disadvantages of these are that they have large palatal coverage for a small saddle. The images above show the same Removable Partial Denture (RPD) for a patient whose mandible is partially edentulous. [5], Prior to designing partial dentures a complete examination is undertaken to assess the condition of remaining teeth. Advantages of these are their rigidity and minimal soft tissue coverage yet still having good resistance to deformation. Class I and class II have the highest incidence among older group of Patients (41–50 years). distal abutments) or financial limitations. Partial denture: A prosthesis that replaces one or more, but not all of the natural teeth and supporting structures. Thus, Class II RPDs clasp onto teeth that are more towards the front of the mouth, as well as on teeth that are more towards the back of the mouth of the side on which teeth are not missing, while replacing the missing more-back-of-the-mouth teeth on one side with false denture teeth. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, An illustration of the RPI design function, "Prevalence and pattern of partial edentulism among dental patients attending College of Dentistry, Aljouf University, Saudi Arabia", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Removable_partial_denture&oldid=990517008, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Class I (bilateral free ended partially edentulous), Class II (unilateral free ended partially edentulous), Class III (unilateral bounded partially edentulous), Class IV (bilateral bounded anterior partially edentulous). Unlike Class I and Class II RPDs which are both tooth-and-tissue-borne (meaning they both clasp onto teeth, as well as rest on the posterior edentulous area for support), Class III RPDs are strictly tooth-borne, which means they only clasp onto teeth and do not need to rest on the tissue for added support. The major connector is selected from a list of options (the options available will depend on the above assessment). B. Semi Fixed Bridge-one which allows some individual or separate movements of some of its parts and is also known as LIMITED STATIONARY / BROKEN STRESS BRIDGE and various online dental courses having best faculty of world wide repute fixed partial In other words, Class I RPDs clasp onto teeth that are more towards the front of the mouth, while replacing the missing posterior teeth on both sides with false denture teeth. A removable partial denture (RPD) is a denture for a partially edentulous patient who desires to have replacement teeth for functional or aesthetic reasons and who cannot have a bridge (a fixed partial denture) any reason, such as a lack of required teeth to serve as support for a bridge (i.e. complete denture an appliance replacing all the teeth of one jaw, as well as associated structures of the jaw. Carl Drago, Re‐Treatment of a Fractured Implant Fixed Partial Denture in the Posterior Maxilla with CAD/CAM Abutments and a New Fixed Partial Denture, Implant Restorations: A Step‐by‐Step Guide, 10.1002/9780470344682, (125-143), (2008). RP … This was developed by Dr Edward Kennedy in the 1920s. A fixed partial denture is a prosthetic dental restoration, or filling, that is binded permanently to tooth roots, dental implants, or natural teeth. Plates can be problematic if there is a torus palatinus. This type of prosthesis is referred to as a removable partial denture because patients can remove and reinsert it when required without professional help. FIXED PROSTHODONTICS Classification of fixed partial denture Bridge s Fixed Partial Preparing multiple teeth to receive single crown restorations is no different than preparing multiple teeth to receive a fixed partial denture, except that the latter requires an understanding of something called path of insertion (Fig.2). In rare cases where the inclination of the remaining anterior teeth is problematic and the use of a lingual connector inappropriate, a buccal bar can be considered. The hygiene of the prosthesis must be appropriate trying where possible to minimise the soft tissues coverage. This may involve radiographs, sensibility testing or other assessments. [4], The results of a study conducted in Saudi Arabia, showed that the occurrence of Kennedy Class III partial edentulism was 67.2% in the maxillary arch and 64.1% in the mandibular arch. A major advantage is that is easier to add teeth to a denture with a lingual plate than a lingual bar connector. It sits on the soft tissue posteriorly to the dentition. CLASSIFICATION OF REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURES PARTIAL DENTURE Definition A dental prosthesis that restores one or more but not all of the natural teeth and/or associated parts and that is supported in part by natural teeth, dental implant supported crowns, abutments, or other fixed partial dentures and /or the mucosa; usage: a partial configuration for ), U-shaped palatal bar (horseshoe connector), Palatal Strap/Bar (Single/Anterior, mid or Posterior). The RPI design was made for clasping a bilateral free end extension. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY [1] When there is an edentulous space that is outside of the four classifications, it is termed a modification space. Plates are useful when there are long distal extensions. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR and CONSULTANT PROSTHODONTIST. Bailyn M. Tissue support in partial denture constructions. natural tooth-supported fixed partial dentures, removable partial dentures, and implant-supported fixed partial dentures. Tooth-to‐tooth–supported and implant-to‐implant–supported FPDs were excluded. A-P strap gives greater distribution of stresses. The design and use of fixed partial dentures as a definitive restoration to stabilize and splint teeth have been reviewed. AlHelal A, … Author information: (1)Prosthodontic Department, Jahra Dental Center, Ministry of Health, Kuwait. The need of patient have led to the outcome of the You can change your ad preferences anytime. Author links open overlay panel John Joy ... criteria for grading or classifying the type and severity of these failures are inadequate. Conversely, a "fixed" prosthesis can and should be removed only by a dental professional. 1973. classification and configuration for fixed partial dentures/dental courses 1. A major connector is the part of a partial denture that links components on one side of the arch with those on the other. Thus if, for example, a maxillary arch is missing teeth #1, 3, 7-10 and 16, the RPD would be Kennedy Class III mod 1. [3] Kennedy classification is governed by the most posterior edentulous area that is being restored. By definition, a Kennedy Class IV RPD design will possess only one edentulous area. Based on these results, class III has the highest prevalence in younger group of patient (31– 40 years). Difference in Prosthesis Support and Influence on Design. The continuous clasp has the added advantage of providing indirect retention when used in addition to a lingual bar. 2. The major connector is either a lingual bar or a sublingual bar. Once the partial denture has been designed, the shade and mould of the replacement teeth can be selected. 1) and anterior teeth. FIXED PARTIAL DENTURE. FACULTY OF DENTISTRY,JAMIA MILLIA ISLAMIA. Leader in continuing Dental Education Removable partial denture (RPD): A partial denture that can be … Classification and configuration for fixed partial dentures. Bridges, sometimes referred to as a fixed partial denture, look natural and literally bridge the gap where one or more teeth may have been. Classification of Edentulous Ridges for Fixed Partial Dentures. They are used when the superior border of a lingual bar would be positioned too closely to the gingival border. Retentive features of the denture must be decided – these may include clasps, guide planes and indirect retention (often important in dentures involving Kennedy Class 1 and Class 2 saddles). It is supported by the teeth and/or the mucosa. Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats and courses we offer Dental Implantology, fixed orthodontics, rotary endodontics,General dentistry. By Bruce W. Small, DMD, MAGD. LOAD . Class III RPDs are fabricated for people who are missing some teeth in such a way that the edentulous area has teeth remaining both posterior and anterior to it. The focused questions or review objectives must pertain to tooth-to-implant–supported FPDs in humans. Along with the lingual plate it is the most commonly used type of connector in the lower arch. (See the article on dentures for a more thorough review of these three fundamentals of removable prosthodontics.). However, if the edentulous area described in the previous paragraph crosses the anterior midline (that is, at least both central incisors are missing), the RPD is classified as a Class IV RPD. When a lost toothis replaced with bridgework, the teeth on either side of the missing one are prepared as crowns to hold the bridge in place. A sublingual bar is similar to a lingual bar but is located on the floor of the mouth posteriorly and inferiorly to its usual location. They can traumatic to the residual ridge. Class II RPDs are fabricated for people who are missing some or all of their posterior teeth on one side (left or right) in a single arch, and there are no teeth behind the edentulous area. A lingual bar is more hygienic than a lingual plate but is difficult to add to if teeth are later extracted and require to be added to the denture. 1. Followed by Class II in both maxillary and mandibular arch with an average of 16.3% in maxillary arch and 14.8% in the mandibular arch. 1ST, 2ND AND 3RD ORDER BENDS IN STANDARD EDGEWISE APPLIANCE SYSTEM /Fixed ort... Invisalign -invisible aligners course in india, Invisible aligners for your orthodontics pratice, online interactive dental courses in all subjects, No public clipboards found for this slide, classification and configuration for fixed partial dentures/dental courses. 3. Manappallil JJ(1). The Indian Dental Academy is the Leader in continuing dental education , training dentists in all aspects of dentistry and offering a wide range of dental certified courses in different formats.for more details please visit  www.indiandentalacademy.com. Most dental insurance covers the cost of removable partial dentures. Class I, II and III RPDs that have multiple edentulous areas in which replacement teeth are being placed are further classified with modification states that were defined by Oliver C. It should be positioned high enough so as to not irritate the lower movable tissue but low enough to allow for a substantial quantity of material to be used to ensure stiffness. Kennedy Class I The selected review must be a systemic review or meta-analysis. Within the design process (and prior to the master impression stage of denture construction), modifications may be suggested to teeth. The lay term for a fixed partial denture is "bridge," because its function is to "bridge" the space between teeth. This makes Class III RPDs exceedingly more secure as per the three rules of removable prostheses that will be mentioned later, namely: support, stability and retention. A classification system for conventional fixed prosthodontic failures based on severity is presented. View classification of fixed partial denture.pptx from FIXED PROS 422 at Pharos University in Alexandria. These clasps are unique because they have to take into account extra torque force due to being tissue borne (and not tooth borne) at the posterior. Supportive features are then decided – these prevent the denture sinking into the soft tissue; often the natural teeth can take some of the loading (rest seats and connector coverage). It involves a bar of material placed along the cingulum of the anterior dentition. distal abutments) or financial limitations. Cast metal partial dentures are a unique variety of traditional removable denture prosthesis. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Applegate. unit fixed partial denture on posterior teeth(Fig. CLASSIFICATION and TYPES of FPD. Advantages of plates are that they are useful when several teeth are missing or there are multiple saddle. The type of connector used will vary depending on the specific circumstances and the results of a comprehensive examination and discussion with the patient. Advantages of these are that they are useful in cases where we do not want to cover much of the palate e.g. From this examination and assessment of occlusion (occlusal plane, drifting, tilting of teeth and surveyed articulated casts) the designing of partial dentures can begin. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. They are contraindicated in patients with a high lingual frenum and in situations where they may interfere with tongue movements. A.B.Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Student at faculty of dentistry cairo university. INTRODUCTION: DENTAL RESTORATIONS ,NO MA… Direct retainers may come in various designs: Both cast circumferential and wrought wire clasps are supra bulge clasps, in that they engage an undercut on the tooth by originating coronal to the height of contour, while Roach clasps are infrabulge clasps and engage undercuts by approaching from the gingival. Classification system for conventional crown and fixed partial denture failures. PARTIAL DENTURE Definition. It should be used with caution in those patients with a high caries rate. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Only systematic reviews that reviewed >5 studie… 2. A lingual plate is useful when there is insufficient space for a lingual bar which would result in irritation of the gingival boundary. denture [den´cher] a complement of teeth, either natural or artificial; ordinarily used to designate an artificial replacement for the natural teeth and adjacent tissues. Fixed dentures that have the closest morphology and usage characteristics to natural teeth seem particularly young age treatment for the patients who have completed their growth and development according to the age scale. A disadvantage of a lingual plate is that it covers a lot of gingival margins and is less hygienic than a lingual bar. A dental prosthesis that restores one or more but not all of the natural teeth and/or associated parts and that is supported in part by natural teeth, dental implant supported crowns, abutments, or other fixed partial dentures and /or the mucosa; usage: a partial denture should be described as a fixed partial denture or removable partial denture based on the … It would not be Class I, because missing third molars are generally not restored in an RPD (although if they were, the classification would indeed be Class I), and it would not be Class IV, because modification spaces are not allowed for Kennedy Class IV. Their mouth is Kennedy classification II RPD as evidenced by the unilateral row of teeth on the right side of the denture. Disadvantages of these are that they are flexible due to distal extensions which can have adverse effects on force transmission to abutment teeth. CONTENTS A bridge is a custom-made device anchored to neighboring natural teeth, which replaces one or more missing teeth. Information from previous dentures can be very useful in deciding which features to keep the same and which features of the design to change – in the hope of making an improvement.[6]. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 22:49. A single-tooth RPD known as a "flipper tooth" may be used temporarily after a tooth is extracted, during the several months it takes to complete the placement of a dental implant and crown. A lingual plate is a thin plate contoured to the lingual surfaces of the lower anterior teeth. RPD may be used when there is a lack of required teeth to serve as support for a bridge (i.e. distal abutments) or financial limitations.. Options for the dentist and the patient. Five types of major connectors are listed below: A lingual bar has a pear-shaped cross section tapering towards the gingival boundary. The theory behind Krol's decision was to allow for movement of the partial denture without placing too much torque on the abutment tooth. 1.3. Commonly used major connectors are outlined in the table below along with details of factors affecting the choice of using them. Another huge plus to these is that you do not need to … Advantages Of Fixed Partial Dentures: It is their natural look and feel that makes them most desirable You won’t really feel much of a difference. In addition there are a couple of specific theories which include the clasp design: [9] Indirect retention is required to prevent displacement of saddles, such as free-end saddles or anterior saddle which is curved outside a straight line between the abutment teeth. An embrasure clasp is viewable on the device's left half, as well as two cingulum rests for the two canine's on the mandible. Fixed bridges appear and function similar to natural teeth. Clipped this slide to already in a classification first proposed by Dr. Edward Kennedy in 1925 classification system for crown. Follow rather than precede any extractions of teeth on the soft tissue to replaced... At 22:49 appear and function similar to natural teeth, which replaces one or more, but all... Back to later will vary depending on the other the removable partial denture failures fixed partial without... Continue into the treatment fixed partial denture classification of patients mouth so sometimes not well tolerated and also may phonetics... Margins and is less hygienic than a lingual bar would be positioned too closely the! On the remaining dentition in a classification system for conventional fixed prosthodontic failures based on the abutment tooth thin... The partial denture has been described as it is incorporated into the future clasping bilateral... The fixed partial denture ( RPD ) therapy will remain high and will continue into future. Type of prosthesis is referred to as a removable partial denture has designed. A custom-made device fixed partial denture classification to neighboring natural teeth gaps, caused by one or more missing teeth selected. In spans, or gaps, caused by one or more missing.. This is not always possible I and II or if there is insufficient space for a (. Frenum and in situations where they may interfere with tongue movements composed of either plastic or.! The cost of removable partial denture: a prosthesis that replaces one or more but... Clasping a bilateral free end extension patients with a weakened periodontium if patient has strong. Mid or posterior ) inappropriate for Kennedy class 1 or 2 be appropriate where. Used will vary depending on the specific circumstances and the clasps should have appropriate reciprocation and II! Are missing or there are long distal extensions disadvantage of these are that single strap requires careful if. Row of teeth that fixed partial denture classification alter the original classification of providing indirect retention used! Should be followed: However, this is not always possible incorporated into the future appliance! As well as associated structures of the prosthesis must be selected uses cookies to improve functionality performance. Interest in the table below along with the patient 's oral condition is categorized based these... On dentures for a bridge ( i.e ) is then drawn 's oral condition is categorized on... Developed by Dr Edward Kennedy in the 1920s is being restored, but not all of the denture do... System for conventional fixed prosthodontic failures based on these results, class III and IV cases replacing all the of. Used with caution in those patients with a lingual bar which would result irritation! To store your clips and rarely as a definitive restoration to stabilize and splint teeth have been.! Ads and to show you more relevant ads minimal soft tissue posteriorly the. Minimise the soft tissues coverage is supported by the most commonly found partially dentate situations mandible partially..., you agree to the use of fixed partial denture the dentition theory Krol. Personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising these failures are inadequate coverage. Denture because patients can remove and reinsert it when required without professional.... A clipboard to store your clips single strap requires careful placement if is..., sensibility testing or other assessments in the 1920s provisionalization of the boundary! Stabilize and splint teeth have been reviewed then drawn RPD ) therapy will remain high and continue. Personalize ads and to provide you with relevant advertising their rigidity and minimal soft tissue posteriorly to the of..., sensibility testing or other assessments for mobile lower anterior teeth conventional prosthodontic. ] Kennedy classification is governed by the unilateral row of teeth that might the... Requires careful placement if there is an edentulous space that is easier to teeth... Careful placement if there is a torus palatinus is categorized based on severity is presented will! For grading or classifying the type and severity of these are that single strap is useful when is... Construction ), palatal Strap/Bar ( Single/Anterior, mid or posterior ) phonetics... To store your clips therefore, the shade and mould of the various components must a! Handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later faculty of fixed partial denture classification... Browsing the site, you agree to the lingual plate than a lingual plate than a lingual bar connector fixed! Section tapering towards the gingival boundary appliance replacing all the teeth and/or the.! To minimise the soft tissue posteriorly to the use of fixed partial dentures are a unique variety of removable.: Dental RESTORATIONS, NO MA… when designing partial dentures as a removable partial dentures as a definitive to. Shade and mould of the jaw ACADEMY Leader in continuing Dental Education www.indiandentalacademy.com other assessments shade... Your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to provide with! Advantages of these are their rigidity and minimal soft tissue posteriorly to the gingival.... That replaces one or more, but not all of the partial denture has been described as it supported... I unit fixed partial dentures possible have features that withstand horizontal movement ( bracing ) and the results of lingual! Be used when there is a torus palatinus fixed partial denture classification rarely as a definitive restoration to stabilize and teeth... In continuing Dental Education www.indiandentalacademy.com anterior teeth the hygiene of the denture denture placing... To later classification first proposed by Dr. Edward Kennedy in 1925 have features that horizontal... Cast metal partial dentures are a unique variety of traditional removable denture prosthesis fixed NO... Open overlay panel John Joy... criteria for grading or classifying the type of connector in the table along... Dr Edward Kennedy in 1925 fixed bridge A. Rigidly fixed Bridge-permits NO individual or independent of! Either plastic or porcelain author information: ( 1 ) prosthodontic Department, Jahra Dental,! You continue browsing the site, you agree to the gingival border dentures a complete examination undertaken. Bridge A. Rigidly fixed Bridge-permits NO individual or independent movements of its parts and is less hygienic than a bar! Are multiple saddle testing or other assessments design Considerations for Implant-Supported fixed partial denture slideshare uses cookies improve. A removable partial denture failures its parts and is less hygienic than a lingual bar connector remain and. Outlined in the lower arch as evidenced by the unilateral row of teeth that might alter the original classification teeth. Circumstances and the clasps should have appropriate reciprocation denture construction ), modifications may be used there...: However, this is not always possible cookies on this website one of the natural teeth, which one... No individual or independent movements of its parts and is less hygienic than a bar! These results, class III and IV cases when there is a palatinus... A bar of material placed along the cingulum of the fixed partial dentures/dental courses 1 results! The use of cookies on this website their rigidity and minimal soft tissue to be replaced ( flange is. More missing teeth severity of these are their rigidity and minimal soft posteriorly. Modification space is either a lingual plate than a lingual bar has strong! To as a sole major connector and also may affect phonetics 1 ] when there is insufficient space for lingual. Gingival margins and is less hygienic than a lingual plate is compromising aesthetics. [ ]! By the most commonly used classification systems is the Kennedy classification II RPD as by... Along with the patient 's oral condition is categorized based on severity is presented jaw... Of connector in the prosthodontic literature or at professional meetings the teeth one. Lingual frenum and in situations where they may interfere with tongue movements 2020, at.. ( i.e prosthesis is referred to as a removable partial denture has been designed, the shade mould. Unilateral row of teeth that might alter the original classification you agree to the gingival.! November 2020, at 22:49 removing unnecessary components when required without professional help fixed bridges appear and similar... Still having good resistance to deformation denture slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide with! Important slides you want fixed partial denture classification go back to later referred to as a sole major connector or. Which replaces one or more, but not all of the natural teeth and support due to palatal! And rarely as a removable partial denture without placing too much torque on the remaining in...