The study of a religion’s history includes the study of the history of those who espoused it, together with their spiritual, ethical, political, and intellectual experiences. Also, avoid criticizing Greece or the Greek people. The Greek way of life focuses on family, church, traditions and patriotism. A example of Individualism in Greece is how a lot of restaurants and businesses are family owned and keep the employment among family members and close friends. History The roots of Greek religion. Achilles in the War Works Cited Achilles as a Child Achilles went on to fight in the mighty Trojan War, as depicted by Homer, and in a quarrel with the commander of his army, Achilles refused to service the Greeks anymore. Boys were taught at home until they age of six and then sent off to school. Loyalty is perhaps the most influential value of ancient Greek civilization. Glory for young men in ancient Greece was the equivalent of fame to young people in today's society. 955 Words 4 Pages. Greeks are very patriotic due to wars, invasions, and successful rules.  Religion is a very important cultural belief in Greece They value all of their gods and learn about every one of them. Greek-speaking people relied on reciprocity, a simple system of transaction. There is often a social pressure to present one’s family name in a good light. The Greek homes were very unique. Get an answer for 'Compare Greek culture, values or ideals (as seen in The Odyssey) with biblical ideas.' Greece is widely considered to be the cradle of Western culture and democracy. The Classical Era: The Hellenistic era was a period in history that lasted between 323 BC and 31 BC. Contemporary Greek culture and traditions are very rich and diverse, reflecting Greece’s location at the crossing point where the West meets the East and the country’s great and turbulent history. They are open to discussions and enjoy having conversations on cultural and historical topics, but tend to have strong beliefs on issues pertaining to religion and politics; therefore it would be a good idea to not bring up these topics. Family is very important to Greeks. Citizen training prepared Greek boys for two aspects of adult life, which were peace and war. al. The myths proclaim a truth, which transcends reasoning. Greek culture began in Paleolithic era and has been evolving ever since. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. There is a cultural expectation in Greece that one accepts the generous offers of others. Loyalty was embedded in everything the Greeks did. They used it as an altar to worship the gods. A.N. Culture And Values Of Greek Cultures In Homer's Odyssey. Wonderful regional traditions, religion, music, language, food and wine, are the major composites of the culture in mainland Greece and of the Greek islands creating an incomparable cultural base for everyone wishing to visit and understand contemporary Greece. Ancient Greek civilization has contributed to many parts of today's society. In other words, you can say that individualism, rationalism, justice, and pursuit of excellence were the main ancient Greek value of the people. They thought that if one was brave, then the next life of that person would be very good. The ancient Greek values were unrealistic and they thought that people would get a happy ending after going through any sort of hardship or enduring anything. From birth and on, Greek people are integrated into a strong group that includes a lot of family members, that protect each other. The Odyssey was said to have originated around three thousand years ago as an oral epic recited by the blind poet, Homer. and find homework help for other The Odyssey questions at eNotes Therefore, instead of accepting your refusal, a Greek may insist that you receive what is given. These tales had an imaginative character and an emotional one as well. See disclaimer. Essay Topics: Ancient greek, Laws regulations, Category: Traditions essays, Words: 958 | Published: 12.25.19 | Views: 365 | Download now. They believed that they were watched over by Zeus and other gods. Copyright © 2020 Ancient Greece Facts.com. Changes in family values in Greece, from traditional collectivist to individualist, are related to recent cultural and technological developments, to changes in the family system from extended to nuclear, to migration of the population from small rural communities to urban centers, to changes in the structure of the in-group, and so forth. Seeing the state the Greeks were in, Petroclus These suggestions were nearly the same as those of earlier peoples (Craig, Graham, ainsi que. Ancient Greeks were hospitable even when they did not want to be. Furthermore, most of the traditions and festivals still celebrated today are religious. Althoug… The cornerstone of ancient Greek values was reciprocity, or mutual exchange between two or more people. Greeks are very proud of their culture and history. The Greek loved competition. Greek Lifestyle. Growing up in a Greek family is kind of the best. Ancient greek beliefs changed over time. The religious beliefs of the ancient Greek culture were well defined. Guilt trips, for starters. More info on- list of ancient Greek values, beliefs, the Odyssey, cultural values. Greek culture was mythopoetic, based upon myths and transmitted through poetry. The courtyard was an important area for the Greek. Homer clearly depicted the importance of hospitality throughout “The Odyssey” as Odysseus traveled to faraway places and was in need of help from others. The ancient Greeks implemented their values of loyalty, glory, intelligence and hospitality into everyday life. She has worked for the "McKinney Courier-Gazette" and her campus newspaper, now freelancing for various clients. Loyalty to the Gods meant never questioning their motives. Women in the ancient Greek world had few rights in comparison to male citizens. Ancient Greece was the basis of much of Western culture today, including the belief in democracy, equality under the law and even trial by jury. Greek Family Values. Sitemap . In other words, you can say that individualism, rationalism, justice, and pursuit of excellence … 10. A meaningful value of the ancient Greek world was the endless search of the inner self, the core of the soul and existence. In Greek society, hospitality is really important. Stories of war glories and battles were handed down to young men, who in turn yearned for the notoriety that came along with the glory and victory of a battle. Being a collectivist culture, a person’s family name and background influences perceptions of an individual’s reputation, status and honour. It usually was equipped with a well for the water. These myths try to bring about the truth that they proclaim: the moral truths. You'll likely be greeted with a warm hug and possibly a kiss on each che… The Gods of ancient Greece often sent tests to citizens and maintaining faith through the tests was a sign of loyalty and belief.  9. Facts about Ancient Greek Culture elaborate the way of life, tradition and customs of the ancient people in Greece. The family is based on social structure. There are either of a religious character or coming from paganism. Religion. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. To be in favor of the gods, they had to make sacrifices.The Greeks believed in life after death with Hades in the underworld. So there are various ancient Greek values, but the character of an individual, the religious aspect and how to treat and entertain guests. They believed in loyalty to the family, the community and most importantly to the Gods. While it is unclear whether ancient Greeks were hospitable due to their fear of the Gods or whether they were simply doing their brotherly duty, it is clear that hospitality was an important aspect of life. The teachings and doings of ancient Greeks have remained important lessons that many societies still base their own laws and ethics on. Greece: Greek Family Values and Gender Roles A structural element of Greek political culture refers to women’s low visibility in politics and their under-representation in all political elites, which accompanies the “equality of rights between the sexes” stipulated, for the first time in the 1975 Constitution.    The Greek think that you should be obligated to do something when you commit Lying is not good, or else you will be thought of as an untrustworthy individual that will be highly disliked. Greece: With Greece being at 35, it is a Collectivist Culture. The main ancient Greek values were known as Theoxeny, the right of hospitality, Arete, excellence, Hubris, pride and arrogance and Kelso, glory through some great deeds. The research undertaken has been using the sociological framework of Humanistic Sociology to interpret and analyse the collected data. Greek Food. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. While these values may seem simple, they effectively shaped an entire civilization into a culture that is one of the most referenced in history. Hospitality towards strangers like giving foods, drinks, shelter to them was considered as one of the main values of Greek life. They had to take part in various sports like wrestling, boxing and discus throwing. Loyalty to the family meant doing what was best for your family. Glory was also valued highly due to the fact that back in ancient Greece, it was believed that once you died, all souls were sent down to Hades. Greeks live to embrace their culture. The Greeks celebrate many religious festivals yearly. The banking crisis of 2008 possibly hit Greece harder than any other European country and resulted in its well-documented financial meltdown and subsequent massive tripartite bailout. The main ancient Greek values were known as Theoxeny, the right of hospitality, Arete, excellence, Hubris, pride and arrogance and Kelso, glory through some great deeds. History and Culture Greece is a crossroads of ideas, customs, languages and knowledge for people in southern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean since antiquity. Always with the guilt trips. Greeks tend to be very proud of their families. At the start the Greeks believed highly in the gods. Subjects concerning Cyprus and Turkey should be avoided, since both are topics that Greeks find difficult to change their views on and may get very emotional about. Examples of faithfulness and loyalty are given by characters like Penelope, Eumaios, Philoitois, and Argos.Physical characteristics of the building up of strength were very important to the people of Greece. Pike earned her associate's degree in mass communications and journalism from Collin College. Greek Lifestyle. Community Customs and traditions in Greece and the Greek Islands are an important aspect of the Greek culture. 10 Things To Know Before Traveling To Greece - Duration: 6:11. Languages in Greece. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Social Life The concept of philotimi holds a unique place in Greek social culture. I mean, there are some annoying things about it. Loyalty to the community meant doing what you could for your community whether it was giving money or putting up a stranger for the night. For example, we have read about competition to be able to string Odysseus bows. 5:22 . greek values and culture essay. How did Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture reflect the values of the classical civilizations? Souls that had achieved some sort of glory during their living life were the only souls in Hades that were granted privileges. Hospitality to everyone was the main theme of the life of the Greece people. Amongst the many influences of Greece was Greek art. They were constructed with an outdoor courtyard. Humanistic Sociology has emphasized the need to accept . Greek culture and identity reflect the shared history and common expectations of all members of the nation-state, but they also reflect an ethnic history and culture that predate the nation-state and extend to Greek people outside the country's borders. 57). The boys were trained in areas of the arts as well as in citizen training. Greeks also place a lot of value on faithfulness and loyalty. They offered food, shelter and protection to travelers without question. To say that Greece has been through some troubled times in the twenty-first century would be an understatement. A building of mental characteristics meant using their wit and cleverness to tackle all situations, you might have read about how Odysseus’s wife uses her wit and trickery to come out of a difficult situation. If you refuse something legitimately, it may be seen as a token protest made out of politeness. In order to understand Greek values and how they are portrayed in Greek society, one must examine how some values are portrayed in the Odyssey: hospitality, intellect, and beauty. the maintenance of certain Greek cultural values, for example, the language and Greek Orthodox religion. The treatment and entertainment of a guest were of great importance in ancient Greece. Pike has been a professional writer since 2006. The ancient Greeks implemented their values of loyalty, glory, intelligence and hospitality into everyday life. Powered by WordPress and Stargazer. Helping your fellow man was an important aspect of ancient Greek society. Greece's cultural heritage can be described as largely based on a skillful reshaping of elements from Ancient Greek imagination, Byzantine glories and European Modernity that form a cosmopolitan spirit of modern Hellenism. While these values may seem simple, they effectively shaped an entire civilization into a culture that is one of the most referenced in history. Modern democracies owe a debt to Greek beliefs in government by the people, trial by jury, and equality under the law. Show More. Cultural Values - Duration: 5:22. Greeks are responsible for introducing many literary forms and were pioneers in in many professional fields such as physics, philosophy, history, geometry, and biology. Unable to vote, own land, or inherit, a woman’s place was in the home and her purpose in life was the rearing of children. Ancient Greek schools in many city states featured a structure that had boys in school from the age of six until fourteen and then an optional additional four years. Greek art, literature, music, and political thought are other ideas and values we inherited from the Greeks continue to influence us today. While it was not a requirement of women during ancient Greece, the men were required to go to school and learn. Greek Culture: Aspects of the culture in Greece The ancient Greeks pioneered in many fields that rely on systematic thought, including biology, geometry, history, philosophy, and physics. Through cannibalistic islanders, one-eyed giants, and being held captive by Greek goddesses, Odysseus’ voyage teaches readers quite a bit about Greek values and beliefs. It showed their social class and people believed, that by treating their guest properly, they can come in favor of god Zeus, known as the god of travelers and guests. In Homeric Greece, there was no "national", formal system of government or trade. The idea of “beauty” was originated in Greece and is still used today. One cannot fulfill their purpose in life unless they are familiar with their own strengths and weaknesses, their fears and wishes, and their own path to feeling happy and complete. 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